Biochemistry: Study Guide/Exam 1. Use the Answer Pages.
You will be using my Lecture Notes and the textbook to find answers.
1. Which elements are chemically unreactive? _
2. Which elements usually share electrons when they react?
3. What is the majorit
Topics for journal entries may be of your own choosing, selected from the
textbook or from the list below. At the end of each chapter is a section referred to
as "Questions and Problems". Another excellent source of ideas for journal
Eye and Vision
d. optic nerve
e. ciliary body
f. suspensory ligaments
Organs, Systems, and Organization of the Body
1. The kidneys belong to the _ system.
2. The liver belongs to the _ system.
3. The spleen belongs to the _ system.
4. In anatomical positio
Introduction to the Study of Muscles
Muscles of the Shoulder and Arm
1. In human muscles:
a. What is the action of the deltoid muscle?
Ans: Abducts arm, flexes, extends, medially & laterally rotates arm
b. Name the origin of
Eye and Vision
1. Eye shine in nocturnal mammals is different from the red eye seen in some flash
photographs. Eye shine is the reflection from the tapetum lucidum. What might produce
Ans: The condition called red eye i
Discovering the Structure of DNA
DNA: The structure of DNA was figured out in 1953 by two scientists James
Watson and Francis Crick. Based on a process known as X-ray diffraction, (carried out by
Rosalind Franklin), DNA is called a double helix. It is double stra
Chemistry of Life
Matter is any substance in the universe that
has mass and occupies space
All matter is composed of extremely small
particles called atoms
Every atom has the same basic structure
The Scientific Method: a series of steps used by scientists to solve problems
There are 6 steps of the scientific method. They are:
Observe and state a problem
Research the problem
Come up with a Hypothesis (educated guess)
Run an experi
The Metric System
I. The standard system of measurement used by Scientists is the Metric System or International
System of Units. (or SI). Scientists use metric units to measure length, volume, mass, density,
A. Length: The basic unit of
Proteins which help to speed up
lower the activation energy of a reaction,
and thus increase its rate
Activation Energy: the energy that needs to be
Preparation and properties of soap
Preparation of a soap
1. Measure 23 mL of a vegetable oil into a 250mL Erlrnmeyer flask
2. Add 20 mL of ethanol and 20 mL of 25% sodium hydroxide solut
Experiment 30 Acetylsalicylic Acid
Preparation of Aspirin
1. Prepare a bath using a 400-ml beaker filled about halfway with water
2. Add 3 boiling stones. Heat to boiling
3. Take 2.0g of Salicylic acid and plac
Meiosis: A type of cell division which produces male and female gametes (sperm and egg).
Occurs in the testes and ovaries.
Meiosis can be divided into two stages, Meiosis I and Meiosis II.
Meiosis reduces the chromosome number in half: If you star
Jenna wielepski 013
Unit 8: Nucleic Acids
1). Web Link [http:/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?
Question: Which functional group is shown in the tRNA picture as the amino acid "attachment
2). Web Link [h
Traffic Across Membranes
Passive Transport: cell does not have to expend energy to make it happen.
A. Diffusion: the tendency of molecules of any substance to spread out into the available
space. Each molecule moves randomly, yet diffusion of a populat
Answers to Multiple-Choice Questions
c, ref. p.101
Answers to Fill-In Questions
The Cell Cycle
Functions- reproduction, growth and repair.
Genome- a cells total hereditary endowment of DNA. Prokaryotic genome is a single
long DNA molecule, eukaryotic genome consist of several such molecules.
A typical human
RNA .RNA- Ribonucleic Acid.
RNA differs from DNA in that RNA is single stranded instead of double stranded, RNA contains
the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose, and RNA has the nitrogen base uracil instead of
The three types of RNA are as follow
3. a. synovial cavity b. bone c. fibrous capsule
e. articular car
NAME _ DATE 1/31/2012
Use the following activities to warm up your body for aerobic activities such as jogging, walking, or cycling.
Perform the exercises slowly, holding eac
NAME _ DATE _
Which Physical Activities Work Best for You?
As you design your personal tness program, think about the activities you currently enjoy most and least and
Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally and P-E-M-D-A-S are mnemonic devices for the
order in which an algebraic equation be solved or simplified. PEMDAS stands for:
parenthesis, exponents, multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction. The letters
Anatomy and physiology (A&P) is about human structure and functionthe biology of the
We want to know how our body works!
A&P is a foundation for advanced study in health care, exercise physiology, pathophysiology,
and other health-care-related
External occipitalprotuberance Acromion and spine of scapula
Extends and laterally flexes neck
draws angle of mouth upward and
superolateral angle of mouth and laterally in
MILWAUKEE AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE
Liberal Arts and Sciences Division
Course: Natural Sciences 177-503: General Anatomy & Physiology
Subject Abbreviation: Natsci
Course Number: 177
Jenna M Wielepski
11/13/11 1:59 PM
Score 9 out of 10 points
Time Elapsed 14 minutes, and 54 seconds out of 20 minutes allowed.
0 out of 1 points
There are no cranial nerves associated with
Page 1 of 6
Cell & Tissue Lab
Name: .Jacqueline Leighton
Objectives: Identify the structures and organelles of human cell.
a) Plasma membrane-2dark lines at the cell surface, prevents escape of cell contents.
b) Centrosome-clear area near the nucleus cont