The initial abstraction consists on the beginning of each curve in hydrographs, and it
happens until the top of the curve, when the runoff starts to happen then. The initial abstraction is
relatively constant for Simulations 1-4 because, graphically, the
The discharge coefficient for the venturi meter and the orifice meter were calculated for
each flow rate with the formula below:
Also, for both meters, the actual minor loss coefficient was calculated with the following
1. Experience increased flow rates made possible using parallel pipes.
2. Using experimental techniques, estimate the pipe coefficient for the equivalent pipe for two
3. Using experimental techniques, verify parallel pipe theory.
Step 2 Readings
Point 1 (mm)
Point 2 (mm)
Step 4 Readings