Chapter 1: The Benefit of Asking the Right
Critical Thinking refers to the following:
Awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions
Ability to ask and
Chapter 7: Are There Any Fallacies in the
What are the issues and conclusions?
What are the reasons?
What words or phrases are ambiguous?
Chapter 8: How Good is the Evidence: Intuition,
Personal Experience, Testimonials and Appeals
Eating oat bran reduces the risk of cancer.
Capital punishment deters crime.
Chapter 6: What are the Value and Descriptive
The government should prohibit the manufacture and sale of cigarettes.
More and more evidence has demonstrated that smoking ha
Chapter 5: What Words or Phrases are
Identifying the precise meaning of key words or phrases is an essential step
in deciding whether to agree with or reject someones opin
Chapter 3: What are the Issue and the Conclusion?
Fraternities and sororities are often involved in charitable activities. They
provide volunteers to raise money for many wort
Chapter 4: What are the Reasons?
Every class should conclude with student evaluations.
A pig is smarter than a mule.
Employers should be able to fire any employee who refuses to t
Chapter 9: How Good is the Evidence: Personal
Observations, Research Studies, Case Examples
An umpire sees a strike; the batter sees a ba
Chapter 10: Are There Rival Causes?
Rival Cause: A plausible alternative explanation that can explain why a
certain outcome occurred.
Locating rival causes will help you decide how go
Chapter 1: Asking the right questions
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7 questions of critical thinking
what are your assumptions?
what is the evidence?
What is the pattern?
Is it ethical?
What are the alternatives?
How will you judge effectiveness?
Definition: the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content
by soliciting contributions from a large group of people and especially from
the online community rather than from traditiona
Counter Argument and Solution
Effect on the student body/community
Possible Counterargument: One possible counterargument people would think of is
that the Kress Events Center is not beneficial to students because
Chapter 11: Are Statistics Deceptive?
The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence estimates that more than
half of married women (more than 27 million) will experience violence
Chapter 12: What Significant Information is
Most doctors prescribe Ease-Pain for headaches
Coke was No. 1 in recent taste tests!
Limited by time and s
Chapter 13: What Reasonable Conclusions are
It is time to end the divorce revolution we have been experiencing over the
past 30 years. It has created economic insecurity for
Chapter 2: Critical Thinking as a Social Activity
Values: Ideas we think are worthwhile
Respect for good reasoning