Vision: Our most valued sense
Sensation vs. Perception
sensation: how our sense organs convert physical
impulses are sent to the brain
perception: how the brain gives meaning to stimulus input
Part 1: Sensation
How is light energy converted into signals
Chapter 2 (Reading)
Neuroscience and Behavior
Introduction: Neuroscience and Behavior
Biological Psychology- scientific study of the biological bases of behavior and
o Makes very important disciplines that makes contributions to
Chapter 1 (READING)
Introduction and Research Methods
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)- a procedure that uses powerful
electromagnetic fields to stimulate the brain
Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes, a
3-stage (structural) model of memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968
What is the capacity of sensory memory?
Eidetic (photographic) memory: an extreme example of a sensory memory?
Short Term M
Chapter 6- Memory
Introduction: What is Memory?
Memory is a group of related mental processes that are involved in acquiring, storing,
and retrieving information
Memory- the mental processes that enable you to retain and retrieve
information over time
Chapter 5: Learning
What Is Learning?
-Learning often refers to formal methods of acquiring new knowledge or skills,
such as learning in the classroom or learning to play the flute
Learning a process that produces a relatively enduring change in behavior
Chapter 4: Consciousness and Its Variations
Consciousness your immediate awareness of thoughts, sensations, memories,
and the world around you
o Contents of your awareness shift from one moment to the next; mental
experience might include:
Week 5- 2.24.14
REM sleep behavior disorder
o Occurs during REM, but muscles dont become paralyzed
o Have mobility to act on their nightmares and may do so in violent ways
o 85% have injured themselves and 44% have injured bed partners
Hypnosis: Look in
How often can neurons fire?
o After AP (Action Potentials) sodium ion channels close up
o Takes at least 1 ms. Before opening again=absolute refraction period
o Thus, highest firing rate is 1000 APs/sec
o Effects of anesthesia (e.g. Novocain)
3"The Research Enterprise" (Research Methods)
Why bother studying psychology-isn't it all common sense?
Shortcomings of "common sense psychology"
common sense is often emotion-driven
personal values may override scientific data
common sense is often based
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods
the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and
larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect