STUDY GUIDE: EXAM 1 - ENGLISH 216
We are Seven -What does it mean to count the Dead Speaker = death means you are no longer counted on Earth Child= counts those dead as part of the family o Death has different meaning than speak
from someone else. For his mother bore him
to go through trouble more than other men.
Do not pity me or, from compassion,
just offer me words of consolation,
but tell me truly how you chanced to see him.
If my father, brave Odysseus, in word or deed,
It is a shroud for warrior Laertes,
for the day a lethal fate will strike him.
Then none of the Achaean women here
will be annoyed with me because a man
who acquired so many rich possessions
should lie without a shroud.
That's what she said.
And our proud
I'll announce or talk about. The issue here
is my own need, for on my household
troubles have fallen in a double sense.
First, my noble father's perished, the man
who was once your king and my kind father.
And then there's an even greater problem,
Eurynomus, was with the suitors. The other two
were always working in their father's fields. But still,
Aegyptius could not forget the son who'd died.
And now, racked with grief and mourning, he shed tears
as he addressed them:
Men of Ithaca,
listen now t
no, not while men still live in Ithaca.
But I would like to ask you, my good man,
about that stranger. Where does he come from?
From what country does he claim to be?
Where are his family, his paternal lands?
Does he bring news your father's coming,
Telemachus Prepares for His Voyage
[Telemachus summons all the Achaeans to an assembly; Aegyptius speaks
first; Telemachus complains about the suitors and threatens them; Antinous
replies, blaming Penelope, describing how she has deceived the sui
she was in her early youthpaying twenty oxen.
In his home he honoured her the way he did
his noble wife, but not once did he have sex with her,
because he wanted to avoid annoying his wife.
She was now carrying two blazing torches for him.
Of all the fema
you will not be avenged.
They all bit their lips, astonished that he'd spoken out
so boldly. Then, Antinous, son of Eupeithes,
Telemachus, the gods themselves,
it seems, are teaching you to be a braggart
and give rash speech
at Troy who lost his chance to see the day
he would come back. Many men were killed.
Go up to your rooms and keep busy there
with your own work, the spindle and the loom.
Tell your servants to perform their duties.
Talking is a man's concern, every man's,
as they sat in silence, listening. He was singing
of the return of the Achaeans, that bitter trip
Athena made them take when they sailed home from Troy.
In her upper room, the daughter of Icarius,
wise Penelope, heard the man's inspired song.
She came dow
a family which, in days to come, will have
a famous name, since Penelope
has given birth to such a noble son.
But come, speak openly and tell me this
What is this feast? Who are these crowds of men?
Why do you need this? Is it a wedding?
Or a drinking par
because he'd slain his famous father?
You are fine and strong, I see, and you, too,
should be brave, so people born in future years
will say good things of you. I must go now,
down to my swift ship and to my comrades.
I suspect they're getting quite impat
to rid your halls of them. So hear me out.
Listen now to what I'm going to tell you.
Tomorrow you must call Achaea's warriors
to an assembly and address them all,
appealing to the gods as witnesses.
Tell the suitors to return to their own homes.
As for yo
have brought me other grievous troubles.
All the best young men who rule the islands,
Dulichium and wooded Zacynthus,
and Same, as well as those who lord it here
in rocky Ithacathey are all now
wooing my mother and ravaging my house.1
She won't turn down
that brave Odysseus has died somewhere.
No. He's still alive but being detained
on an island, surrounded by the sea,
with wild and dangerous men restraining him,
holding him back against his will. But now,
let me tell you about a prophecy
the gods have se
are harming me by urging these men on.
For me it would be better if you gods
ate up my landed property and flocks.
If you gorged yourselves, then someday soon
there might be recompense. All the time
you were doing that, we'd walk up and down,
swooping down on everyone, destruction in their eyes.
Then with their talons they attacked each other,
clawing head and neck, and flew off on the right,
past people's homes, across the city. They were amazed
to see these birds with their own eyes. In thei
as long as in her mind she follows plans
the gods have now put in her heart. And so,
while she is gaining a great reputation,
you're sad about so much lost sustenance.
But we are not going back to our own lands,
or some place else, not until she marries
It seems to me that it's a good time now
to ask our guests to tell us who they are,
now they've enjoyed our food. And so, strangers,
who are you? What country did you sail from,
when you set your course across the water?
Are you on business? Or are you ro
You yourself must beg him to report the truth.
He will not lie, for he is truly wise.
Prudent Telemachus then answered her and said:
Mentor, how shall I go up there and greet him?1
I've had no practice with such formal speech.
And then, when a young man s
for the feast which you have chanced upon
is in his honour. When you have offered
your libation and have prayed, as is right,
hand your comrade the cup of honey wine,
so he can pour out his libation, too,
for he looks like someone who offers prayers
to the well-decked ship and stowed it all in place,
as Odysseus' dear son instructed them to do.
Then, with Athena going on board ahead of him,
Telemachus embarked. She sat in the stern.
Telemachus sat right beside her, as the men
untied the stern ropes,
Telemachus Visits Nestor in Pylos
[Telemachus and his crew reach Pylos and are welcomed by Nestor;
Nestor describes events at Troy and on the voyage home; Nestor gives
a detailed account of Aegisthus' plan to seduce Clytaemnestra and
Athena dragged the fast ship down into the sea
and stocked it with supplies, all the materials
well-decked boats have stowed on board, then moved the ship
to the harbour's outer edge. There they assembled,
that group of brave companions, and the goddess
her words had wings:
Oh my dear child,
how did this thought gain entry to your heart?
Where on this wide earth do you intend to roam,
with you an only son and so well loved?
In some distant land among strange people
Odysseus, a man born from Zeus, has die
We'll have to split up everything he owns
and hand this house over to his mother
and the man she marries.
That's how the suitors talked.
But Telemachus just walked away, going down
to the high-roofed chamber which stored his father's wealth,
it's quite impossible for me to eat
and stay quiet with your overbearing group
or to enjoy myself with my mind relaxed.
Is it not sufficient that in days past,
while I was still a child, you suitors
consumed so much of my fine property?
they will all perish. You must not delay
that trip you wish to make. I am a friend
of your ancestral home, so much so that I
will furnish a fast ship for you and come
in person with you. But now you must go home.
Mingle with the suitors. Collect provision
The men dispersed, each man to his own house.
The suitors went inside godlike Odysseus' home.
Telemachus walked away to the ocean shore.
There, once he'd washed his hands in gray salt water,
to Athena he made this prayer:
O hear me,
you who yesterday