Notes to pp. 97101
1062 marriage to an evil man: cf. 394 and e.g. 910, 37, 332.
10647 set Io free: 5719. The play ends by recalling the suppli- ants chief claim upon Argos through their
ancestress. checking . . . healing hand . . . kindness: of the sa
Notes to pp. 11213
42530 [supports . . . like a covering roof : only the probable meaning of
an apparent conjecture in a single late MS, adopted by West: the older MSS
groans beneath. The words who and earth appear to be certain
Notes to p. 112
world laments; the Greek word-root lament pervades the ode (397 = 435 in ring-composition; 407, 409, 413, 432).
Poetic colour is attempted briey with the Amazons (41516) and the high-castled warlike Arabs (4204); these brief
Notes to pp. 11314
43940 prerogatives for these new gods: see n. on 230.
4489 like dream-shapes: i.e. ineectually; the idea also at 549.
452 scurrying: the Greek adjective is lit. light as air.
4556 fruitful summer: the period for taking any ripe crop
Notes to p. 114
48692 omens from peoples remarks: unconsidered or involuntary reve- lations (peoples is not in the Greek).
signs met on their journeys: in Aeschylus, famously Zeus eagles sent to encourage Agamemnon at Aulis, Ag. 11159.
birds of prey .
Notes to pp. 114
520 Youll learn nothing further, etc.: Prometheus clings to his secret
knowl- edge (16876; cf. 3778 and n.), even to friendsbut see 769 .
(to Io) and
907 . (to the Chorus again).
52660 Second choral ode. The rst pair of stanzas (52
Notes to p. 116
below). Daughter of Inachus king of Argos, she caught Zeus roving eye
(654), but the jealousy of Zeus wife Hera drove her from home, partly
transformed into a cow, harried jointly by a maddening cattle-y and a
constant watcher, the man
Notes to pp. 11617
564 For what crime, etc.: Io repeats her question at 620; cf. Prometheus own
56872 that cowherd . . . passed from the dead below: at 6801 Io relates how Argos, the watcher set over her by Hera, was
killed by the god Hermes (cf.
Notes to pp. 11718
598 wastes me away: from hunger (573); the Furies too harry their victims into starved debility, Eum. 139, 267.
Prometheus also is to wither, 147, 269.
599601 wild bucking: like the heifer she partly is; also 675. headlong speed: th
Notes to pp. 118
658 Pytho: the oracle at Delphi, which in some accounts Apollo had taken
over after killing its guardian snake (cf. python), whence his title
Pythian, Seven 748, etc. Ancient folk-etymology explained the name from
the rotting (Gree
Notes to pp. 11011
3557 hissing terror . . . ashed a erce gleam: for the imagery, cf. the mixture of terrifying sights and sounds marking the
shields and their bearers in Seven, e.g. Typhon at 4936, 511, cf. 385, 537. intent on the violent ruin: again
Notes to p. 110
333 Zeus . . . not easily persuaded: 164 and n.
336 Facts, not words: a contrast so common in all registers of language that it becomes trite, not always accurately employed:
Oceanus may mean, the sight of Prometheus fetters is stronge
Notes to pp. 1012
For the plays theatrical aspects, see the Introd. 2.4 Appendix, p. lii.
1 s.d.: near the sea: see 573, where Io seems to have come from a
187 Prologue, rst scene. Prometheus is fettered to the ravine-face by
Heph- aestus, who
Notes to pp. 1034
824 gods prerogatives: re chiey is meant (79, cf. 38 and n.) and its com- panion metal-working (5002), rather than
e.g. divination (44754, 484
99); but there is allusion also to Prometheus attempt to cheat Zeus of the meat in divine
Notes to pp. 1023
245 nights starry cloak: cf. Seven 4001 (on a decorated shield); a clear night, therefore, leading to dawn frost.
27 the one who is to alleviate it is not yet born: but he will be: Heracles, alluded to in 8713, 10269 (n.).
Notes to pp. 1056
however, quickly begins a theme which provides him with condent resis- tance to Zeus, and dominates much of the
play: his eventual release is as predestined as his bonds, for he has foreknowledge which will secure it for him from Zeu
Notes to pp. 1045
11213 wrongdoings: sardonic; contrast Power at 9, even the Chorus at 260
and Prometheus himself at 266: Introd. 2.4 p. xlvii. under the open sky: cf.
15 ravine beaten by storms, 225. Line 113 (under . . . fast) has just three words i
Notes to pp. 1089
246 friends: 128.
24850 from foreseeing their death: this benet (251) is said at Plato, Gorgias
523d to have been given at Zeus own prompting. blind hopes: possibly an allusion to Zeus gift of Pandoras jar, in
which only hope remaine
Notes to pp. 1067
here upon Prometheus secret knowledge how Zeus may fall (cf. 1889); it is through his own design, a marriage which
Prometheus knows will recoil on him: 51125, 7615, 90712 and nn., Introd. 2.4 p. xlvii.
173 cower: as he had not before
Notes to pp. 1078
199205 divine powers . . . angry . . . faction: from mutual jealousy, Hesiod,
Theogony 61738. Titans, children of Heaven and Earth: Theogony 644.
20911 my mother Themis and Earth, one form with many names: one or more divine identiti
Notes to pp. 10910
284396 Oceanus arrival pre-empts Prometheus narrative promised to the
Chorus (2723, 282). He comes, like his daughters, in true sympathy and
friendship (289, 297); as Prometheus former helper (331) he will try to
help again, to seek
Notes to p. 124
conjecture ery; then unred spearpoint is the gadys sting, in yet another
kenning (e.g. 8014 and n.)]. inside me: evades the literal translation (kick- ing) my diaphragm, of a suddenly thumping
heart (as in 361 the very soul of his bein
Notes to p. 120
suns rising: for a Greek the Caucasus (719; also 4204 n.) lay far to the N., so that Io must go both E. and S. unploughed
lands . . . the nomadic Scythians: their life on carts is described with wonder by Herodotus 4.46.
713 keep close
QUEEN. So how would they withstand enemies who come against
CHORUS. Well enough to destroy Darius great and splendid
army! QUEEN. What you say is truly frightening, an anxiety for
the parents of those who go against them.
entire stream. People who before had held the gods of no account
then began to entreat them in prayer, falling to revere Earth
it started crossing where ice had frozen hard. Then any of us who
and Heaven.before the army ceased from its shed ar
Notes to pp. 967
see esp. Homer, Iliad 14.214 ., her deception of Zeus himself. holy
loves consummation, guaranteeing fresh generations of children
103842 Sharing . . . love: almost a description of the rites of 1037,
and almost matched
for a Greek man came from the Athenians eet and told your 355
son Xerxes this: if black nights darkness once arrives, the
Greeks will not stay, but leap on tocomprehension of the and
Immediately he heard this, with no their rowing-benches
bueted against the rock-hard land by the islet which breeds
doves; Adeues, and Pheresseues, all three thrown from one ship.
Matallus of Chrysa, commander of ten thousand, drenched his 314
great, full, black beard ery red when kill
struggle is for all! And then!from our side a clamour in the Per405 sian tongue rose up in answer, and it was the moment for no more
At once ship struck bronze ram against ship; the onslaught
began with a Greek ship which broke o a Phoe