Chapter 1 Terms Adaptations- physical characteristics, skills, or abilities that increase the chances of reproduction or survival and are likely to be passed on to future generations Behaviorism- psychological approach that emphasizes the role of env
The following questions relate only to material presented in class. You are also responsible for the material
presented in the textbook.
1. What is memory? Differentiate between encoding, storage, and
The Research Process in Psychology
Study Exam Questions
1. Hypothesis are best described as
2. In order to gain further understanding of how brain malfunctions influenc
Practice Exam Questions:
1. Ralph is taking a test in physiological psychology and needs to remember the organizations of the
nervous system and spinal cord. One way for him to increase the probability of remembering
What is Learning?
1. How do we define learning in terms of associations? What is conditioning?
2. The Behavorists (Pavlov, Watson, Skinner) were the founders of learning research in psychology, in
Practice Exam Questions: Classical and Operant Conditioning
1. Thorndikes Law of Effect said that animals will learn responses that are
preceded by a neutral stimulus
2. Which one of
Chapter 2 Terms
Case Study- method; involves intensive examination of one person Central tendency- a measure; represents typical behavior of a group as a whole Confound- anything that affects a dependent variable that may unintentionally vary b/t the
Chapter 3 terms Acetylcholine (Ach) o Neurotransmitter- motor control at junction b/t nerves and muscles o Mental processes: learning, memory, sleeping, dreaming Action potential o Neural impulse- passes along axon o Causes release of chemicals from
Chapter 4 Terms Activation-synthesis hypothesis o Theory of dreaming o Proposes neural stimulation from the pons activates mechanisms that normally interpret visual input Amygdala o Brain structure o Vital role in learning to associate things w/ emot
Psychology Exam 3 Review
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion 1. Motivational Theories and Concepts a. Motives are needs, wants, interests, and desires that propel people in a certain direction. i. Motivation involves goal-directed behavior b. Drive The
Sensation and Perception
1. Define sensation and perception, and discriminate between the two.
2. What is the actual physical message that gets delivered to the visual receptors? Define wavelength and
1. What is the purpose behind the built-in time mechanisms that humans and other animals have? What is
a circadian rhythm, and how has it been demonstrated? What is the relationship between circadian
rhythms and sleep?
1. During sleep, there is (note that we didn't really discuss this but I think, given some thought, you can
figure it out.)
no awareness of external stimuli
no awareness of either external or internal stimuli