Including the title of a source is optional.
In Changs 2008 text Weight Training for Women, she asserts, Engaging in weight-bearing exercise is one of the
single best things women can do to maintain good health (p. 49).
The authors name, the date, and the
K E Y
T A K E A W A Y S
Following proper citation and formatting guidelines helps writers ensure that their work will be taken
seriously, give proper credit to other authors for their work, and provide valuable information to readers.
E X E R C I S E
Write an abstract summarizing your paper. Briey introduce the topic, state your ndings, and sum up what
conclusions you can draw from your research. Use the Word Count feature of your word-processing program
to make sure your abstract do
Chicago style, outlined in the Chicago Manual of Style and sometimes used for papers in the humanities and the sciences; many professional organizations use this style for publications as well
AP, or Associated Press, style, which is used by professio
desired. Your in-text citations provide basic information about your source; each source you cite will
have a longer entry in the References section that provides more detailed information.
In-text citations must provide the name of the author(s) and the
APA style uses section headings to organize information, making it easy for the reader to follow the
writers train of thought and to know immediately what major topics are covered. Depending on the
length and complexity of the paper, its major se
K E Y
T A K E A W A Y S
Organization in a research paper means that the argument proceeds logically from the introduction to the
body to the conclusion. It ows logically from one point to the next. When revising a research paper,
evaluate the orga
Formatting Longer Quotations
When you quote a longer passage from a source40 words or moreyou use a dierent format to set
o the quoted material. Instead of using quotation marks, create a block quotation by startingthe
quotation on a new line, indented ve
E X E R C I S E
Begin formatting the nal draft of your paper according to APA guidelines. You may work with an existing
document or set up a new document if you choose. Include the following:
your title page
the abstract you created in Exercise 1
actively engaged with your source material. Unfortunately, during the process of writing your research
paper, it is easy to fall into a rut and use the same few dull verbs over and over: Jones said, Smith
stated, and so on.
Punch up your writing by using
Welcome to Developmental Math! Students enrolled in a developmental math class need to review mathematical
concepts, master topics that were introduced in high school, and/or learn mater
MAT 012 Review Chapter 1 The Real Number System and Geometry, Chapter 2
Variables and Exponents, Review Topics from MAT011, Ratio, Proportion, Percent, and
Measurement [Form A]
1. List all of the factors of 80.
18. Write 0.0665% as a decimal.
2. Find the
CIGC07 8/30/05 3:38 PM Page 147
Solving Problems and
GROUP SKILLS PREVIEW
In this chapter, you will learn to do the following:
Describe the task, relational, and procedural skills group members need
for effective decision making
of basic assumptions-invented,
discovered, or developed by a given
group as it learns to cope with its
problems of external adaptation and
internal integration-that has worked well
enough to be consi
By Masha Utkina,
Tenzin Desel, Seon
Interactions that occur between people whose cultural
assumption are so different that the communication
between them is altered.
23 January 2015
I remember when I was in elementary school, teachers would ask, What do you want to do in
your life? Back than this question was as simple as they come. I have always gave different
10. PERSUASIVE ESSAY
Universal Health Care Coverage for the U.S.
The United States is the only modernized Western nation that does not oer publically funded health care to
all its citizens; the costs of health care for the uninsured in the United States a
Both cities also share and dier in cultural diversity and cost of living. Both cities share a very expensive cost of
livingboth in terms of housing and shopping. A downtown one-bedroom apartment in D.C. can easily cost
$1,800 per month, and a similar at i
Margins, Pagination, and Headings
APA style requirements also address specic formatting concerns, such as margins, pagination, and
heading styles within the body of the paper. Follow the APA guidelines below.
Use these general guidelines to format the pap
The next page of your paper provides an abstract, or a brief summary of your ndings. An abstract
does not need to be provided in every paper, but an abstract should be used in papers that include a hypothesis. A good abstract is conciseabout
3. the body, which includes the following:
headings and, if necessary, subheadings to organize the content
in-text citations of research sources
4. the References page
All of these components must be saved in one document, not as separate documents.
_I have dened specialized terms that might be unfamiliar to readers.
_I have used clear, straightforward language whenever possible and avoided unnecessary jargon.
_ My paper states my point of view using a balanced toneneither too wishy-washy nor too for
E X E R C I S E
Follow the steps below to begin revising your paper to improve cohesion.
1. Print out a hard copy of your paper, or work with your printout from Exercise 1.
2. Read through the body paragraphs of your paper rst. Each time you come to a p
Jorge knew he did not have the time, resources, or experience needed to conduct original experimental research for his paper. Because he was relying on secondary sources to support his ideas, he
made a point of citing sources that were not far removed fro