Pangea, Crurotarsans, Pterosaurs
What is the last period
of the Paleozoic era?
What happened to the
continents in this
Pushed together to form a super continent
The end of the Permian Period
How many times have vertebrates made
the transition from sea to land?
t/f: Dozens of different lineages of
vertebrates have gone from land back to
Have secondarily aquatic animals reevolved gills?
t/f: Several secondarily aquatic a
Amphibians and Synapsids
Acanthostega are what
types of animals?
Ribs were short
Weakly attached to the vertebral column
Keeps chest cavity from collapsing out of water
Lacked wrist and ankle
FOSSILS AND PRESERVATION
Study of ancient life
How old is ancient?
At least 10,000 years old
Study of past human cultures based on the
objects they left behind
Evidence of ancient life
Two types of fossils
Body fossils, tra
How many groups of vertebrates took to
the air? Name them.
What groups took to the air first?
What groups of vertebrates took flight in
When did bats develop the ability to fly?
What is gliding?
What skeletal features identif
When did mammals become the dominant
vertebrates on land?
When were the earliest mammals?
What are three unique features of
t/f: Mammals are the only synapsid group
that is still around today
Pelycosaurs were the earliest _
Ecinoderms, Crinoids, Chordates, Ancient Fishes
-wide range of feeding strategies
-three distinctive features:
1)water vascular system: a network of fluid-filled canals that is
involved with locomotion, respiration and feeding
Lab 3: Sponges, Corals, Brachiopods and Bryozoans
t/f During the first half of the Paleozoic Era, a
False, a saltwater sea covered
freshwater sea covered most of Wisconsin
most of Wisconsin
Describe the sea that covered Wisconsin during
Lab 2: Rocks and Minerals
In order for a rock to be considered a mineral, it
How many common minerals are there?
What is the most common mineral on the surface
of the earth?
Describe the shape of an individual quartz crystal
Feldspars make up what pe
Lab 1: Fossils and Preservation
t/f Mummified remains of Ice Age animals have
Name two organisms that can become trapped in
t/f Amber is hardened tree sap
12,000 year old wood
Preserved in a layer of