Synoptic Meteorology II: The Effects of Diabatic Heating and Friction Upon Isentropic
Potential Vorticity
25-27 March 2013
Readings: Bluestein Vol. II, Section 1.9.13; Lackmann Section 4.3
Mathematical Formulation
In our derivation of the isentropic poten

Synoptic Meteorology II: The Quasi-Geostrophic Omega Equation
4-6 February 2013
Readings: Holton (3rd Ed.), Section 6.4.1
Similar material may also be found in the 4th and 5th editions of Holtons textbook.
Why Are We Interested In Vertical Motion?
Before

Synoptic Meteorology II: The Q-Vector Form of the Omega Equation
11-13 February 2013
Readings: Holton (3rd Ed.), Section 6.4.2
Similar material may also be found in the 4th and 5th editions of Holtons textbook.
Motivation: Why Do We Need Another Omega Equ

Synoptic Meteorology II: Introduction to Isentropic Potential Vorticity
4-6 March 2013
Readings: Bluestein Vol. II, Sections 1.9.1-1.9.2
Introduction
We start by casting the horizontal momentum equation, neglecting friction, into isentropic
coordinates:
D

Synoptic Meteorology II: Potential Vorticity Inversion and Anomaly Structure
11-13 March 2013
Readings: Bluestein Vol. II, Sections 1.9.3 and 1.9.4
Potential Vorticity Inversion
Introduction
One of the most important facets of potential vorticity is that

Synoptic Meteorology II: Synoptic Development The Pettersen-Sutcliffe Framework
18-20 February 2013
Introduction
To this point in the semester, we have concentrated on understanding and applying four
equations: the quasi-geostrophic vorticity equation, th

Synoptic Meteorology II: Isentropic Analysis
25-27 February 2013
Readings: Carlson (Mid-Latitude Weather Systems), Section 12.1; Lackmann (Midlatitude
Synoptic Meteorology), Chapter 3
Introduction
Before we can appropriately introduce and describe the con

Synoptic Meteorology II: The Geostrophic Approximation
23 January 2013
Readings: Holton (3rd Ed.), Sections 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, and 3.4
Similar readings may also be found in the 4th and 5th editions of Holtons textbook.
Review: The Equations of Motion
In

Synoptic Meteorology II: Petterssen-Sutcliffe Development Theory Application
20 February 2013
In our lecture on Petterssen-Sutcliffe Development Theory, we outlined the principle of selfdevelopment in the context of the life cycle from birth to decay of a

Synoptic Meteorology II: Thermal Wind Application
28 January 2013
In our Geostrophic Approximation lecture, we stated that a geostrophic wind that turns
counterclockwise (or backs) with increasing height represents cold air advection. Likewise, a
geostrop

Synoptic Meteorology II: The Quasi-Geostrophic Approximation
28 January 2013
Readings: Holton (3rd Ed.), Section 6.2.1
Similar material may also be found in the 4th and 5th editions of Holtons textbook.
What is the Quasi-Geostrophic Approximation?
In our

Synoptic Meteorology II: The Quasi-Geostrophic Vorticity Equation
28 January 2013
Readings: Holton (3rd Ed.), Section 6.2.2
Similar material may also be found in the 4th and 5th editions of Holtons textbook.
Defining the Geostrophic Relative Vorticity
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