Billionaires With Big Ideas Are Privatizing American Science - The New York Times
8/26/16, 3:55 PM
Billionaires With Big Ideas Are Privatizing
By WILLIAM J. BROAD MARCH 15, 2014
Last April, President Obama as
Are We Entering a Golden Era of Private Science Funding? - Scientific American Blog Network
8/26/16, 3:55 PM
cookies in accordan
it be done in Time?
In many cases we may want to predict how long a
program will take to run.
We desire a good estimate of how long it will take or a
maximum limit, not an exact time.
It does not matter if it must
Any Port in a Storm: Public and Private Sector Funding for Science - The Equation
8/26/16, 3:55 PM
BLOG > THE EQUATION
Any Port in a Storm:
Public and Private Sector
Funding for Science
, ANDREW ROSENBERG, DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR SCIENCE &
User Defined Data types for Creating Structures
While arrays allow you to store and process related data
of the same type as one item. This is not possible when
different datatypes are required.
Introduction to Scientific Programming
EMS E338, 229-5361
Office Hours: MW 1-2
or by Appointment
Office Hours: M 2:20 3:20
or by Appointment
What it does:
Creates a folder(directory)named test in in the current path
shows the current path
shows the list of the files and directories in the current path
Entering to the folder test
going one folder (dir
Data Types, Constants and
The Roots of Fortran
Prior to 1950s all programming was done
in assembly or machine language.
John Backus proposed the radical idea of
creating a program which could
automatically translate algebra
A logical expression is one that is
either true or false.
They are usually used in Fortran
90/95 to make decisions.
They are sometimes called
In Fortran they are represented by
Introduction to Scientific
Engineers & Scientists
To teach simple computer
programming techniques to
Engineers and Scientists with little or
no programming background
To make to the student aware of
Up until now we have been using the
default formatting for all our input
and output commands
We will start with output first since
you can quickly see what the
commands are doing and you must
be precise w
One Dimensional Arrays
Dynamic Allocation of
Reasons for Arrays
The value of computers is their ability to
manipulate large volumes of information.
The problem is that without arrays each
element of data that we wish to handle
Chapter 5 B
Files allow us to store large amounts
We can store the results of one
program to be used as input for
Help avoid the problem of bad data
being input due to operator error.
(Going in Circles)
There are two major types of do loops.
do if exit
counter controlled/iterative do loop
Do if exit is the general form. It allows the
programmer to select the point or points to
Optional & Keyword Arguments
Sometime a subprogram could be
better written and more flexible, if
when some of the arguments are not
used they could be omitted.
It is possible to do this using the
datatype modifier OPTIONAL wh
As mention in 8.28 of the book the
insertion sort algorithm can be
applied to either elements as they
are placed in the list or to elements
that are already part of the list.
You use two nested loops
You do the outer loop n times. During
Why Multidimensional Arrays?
The reason for multidimensional arrays
is that often time scientists and
engineers have data that are naturally
organized into tables or matrices.
Fortran 90 allows arrays to hav
Chapters 6 & 7
Reminders for those who want to do
Review your notes thoroughly.
Put TIME and THOUGHT into everything
Dont let a quiz or exam be your first
attempt at using a programming
construct. DO YOUR
Recursion is when a subprogram
references or uses itself.
The basic idea of recursion is similar
to the concept of the top-down design
in that it breaks the problem into
smaller and smaller pieces until a
base case (simplest form of the
1. What aspects of the formal definitions of language did you find most difficult to
understand and apply.
2. What are the features of an algorithm? Don't use a textbook definition.
3. Many authors have stated that it would be theoretically desirable to d
Differentiate between an Online Transaction Processing System (OLTP) and a data warehouse.
Client/server systems operate in networked environments, splitting the processing of an
application between a front-end client and a back-end processor. As an up an
Describe the primary differences between logical and physical database design.
There exist nine rules of thumb for selecting indexes for relational databases. Choose two of
these rules and do the following:
Provide a brief description of each rule.
Discuss two pros and two cons of establishing and using a standard for SQL
Select two different SQL implementations and provide a brief description of each. Include the
name of the vendor.
Of the two implementations, you choose, in your opinion, which o
What are some deficiencies of a pushdown stack as a memory "device".
Do you believe nondeterministic pushdown stack automata can, in theory, perform the same
calculations as a modern general purpose computer your answer.
Does it surprise you that it is possible for any nondeterministic finite state automaton to make a
deterministic finite state automaton? Why or why not?
Do you believe that parallel processing can always be reduced to sequential processing?
1. Discuss and evaluate how your organization or previous employer, use collected data
towards useful information.
2. Describe the DBMS your organization uses to support its business operations.
3. After completing the setup and access in Activity 3: CC&I
A transaction is the key to a database management system. A transaction or logical unit of work
is a series of actions on a database that are either performed successfully or none of them are
performed at all. Join your classmates in a discussion on datab
Describe the three levels in data warehouse architecture. Then identify characteristics of data
warehouse data. What do you find surprising or challenges between the DW architecture and
Take a few moments to reflect on how Big Data can benefit yo