Experiment 5: ATP and Muscle Fatigue
Muscles require energy to contract. Energy is released when biomolecules such as
sugars and fats are broken down, and is stored in the form of ATP. ATP enables muscle
contraction, but can only be stored in relatively s
H omeostasis, Cell Membrane, Cell T ransport Objectives & Study Guide (see C hapters 1,2 and 4)
O verall aim : To achieve a fundamental understanding of the basis of the physiological environment, why certain substance and pass freely into cells and how o
Body Water & Osmosis Objectives and Study Guide
1. Calculate the amount of water in a person of a given weight (e.g. an 80kg will have 48 liters of water).
Understand that TBW varies with age and amount of fat.
2. Calculate the volume of body water experi
Receptors Objectives and Study Guide (see Chapters 5 and 8)
Overall aim: To achieve a fundamental understanding of the basis of the physiological environment, how non-permeable peptides transmit their signals to cells,
Specific objectives: 1. Know that th
As said in lecture yesterday, I left off some essential elements in the example I gave on the board and thus I would post a worked example for lipolysis of triglycerides.
Example 1: A triglyceride, composed of fatty acid tails that are each 16 Carbons lon
Membrane Potential, and Action Potential (Chapter 7) Objectives and Study Guide Overall aim: To achieve a fundamental understanding of i. ii. the biological basis of the membrane potential the transmission of electrical signals down axons, which result in
O bjectives and Study Guide: T he Peripheral Nervous System Overall aim: to understand the general structure of the brain and the spinal cord and to u nderstand the structure and function of the Autonomic Nervous Division and the Somatic Motor Division
H uman Systems Physiology 3115 Study Guide M uscles
Define muscle fiber, sarcolemma, sarcoplasm, myofibrils, sarcoplasmic reticulum,
fascicle and motor unit. 2. L ist the components of the muscle fiber (t-tubule, t r iad, etc) and describe the function
Respiration Study Guide
Describe five functions of the mammalian respiratory system. U nderstand the general functional anatomy of the respiratory system. What are the
zones of the respiratory system? How do resistance and surface area change acr
Digestion Study Guide 1. Describe the basic structure of the gastrointestinal tract wall. Understand the properties and functions of the different layers. 2. 3. What is the function of M-cells and why are they important to medicine? What are the struct
Kidneys Study Guide 1. 2. List five body processes in which the kidneys play an important role. Draw and label the urinary system.
3. Draw and label the anatomy of the kidney, including the following terms: nephron, cortex, medulla, renal pyramid, rena
Acid-Base Study Guide 1. What is pH? Can you calculate [H+] from pH and vice-versa? Can you verbally describe the relationship between pH and [H+]? 2. What is an acid? a base?
3. What is a buffer? What happens when you add another acid or base to a sol