The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God
A. Causal Argument
In the reading, Aquinas distinguishes five arguments for the existence of God. His second argument is
the causal argument:
The second way is from the nature of efficient cause. In the w
Descartes-dualism: mind and body exist and are separate entities
Churchland-materialism: only physical entities exist; just body
Berkley-idealism: only mental entities exist; just mind
-Descartes has five arguments supporting dualism 1) selfint
PHIL 101 (sec. 001)
Introduction to Philosophy
Professor Eric Margolis
Philosophy challenges us with questions that are directed to our most basic intellectual
assumptions and forces us to think hard about ourselves and our position in the world.
Next Monday (July 28th)
Hour and a half Worth 30%
1) Multiple choice, fill in the blank, matching
2) Choose from a set of short answer (paragraphs)
Covers First 6 Days
Class slides are crucial covered in class.
No behavioralist stu
Reading Response due next class.
Skip 5. Functional State vs. Behavior-Disposition in Putnams Paper
1. Plato on Knowledge
Ancient Greek Philosopher
Student of Socrates, teacher of Aristotle
Western Philosophy based on Socrat
Last half of Putnam
Short paper assignment posted online today
Due July 21, (next Monday beginning of class)
1. Putnam Functionalism Part 2
Not everyone has the same brain state when being in pain
The mental state type being in pain dif
Philosophy is a systematic examination of the rational grounds for our beliefs
Arguments and Logic
The Correspondence Theory of Truth: says a proposition is only true if it is how the
Start with Berkeley and Epistemology
Plato and Descartes are considered to be rationalists
The debate depends on knowledge that comes from sense experience
Plato: the forms only accessible through reason sense experience
Epistemology and Metaphysics
Andrew Inkpen Instructor Professor at Harvard
Alirio Rosales Teachers Assistant
Textbook Bookstore Echoes from the Cave
Tested on what is lectured
(Class 3 focus on Nagel) try the other 2 impress the teacher
How Gettier Spells Trouble for the JTB Theory and Is There a Way to Salvage the JTB Theory?
Student Number: 15502144
July 17, 2014
Prof. Andrew Inkpen
Justified True Belief (JTB theory) is a definition of knowledge that i
Promotion and Prevention 0
Running Head: PROMOTION AND PREVENTION
Motivations for Promotion and Prevention
Daniel C. Molden
Angela Y. Lee
E. Tory Higgins
To appear in: Shah, J., & Gardner W. (Eds.). Handbook of
1) Goodman The new riddle of Induction.
- Who is Goodman speaking to?
Humes theory might make one uneasy about or skeptical of knowledge through the inductive
Maybe there is a way to provide an account of how much evidence is needed to support a
1) A Priori VS A Posteriori
- Priori: If you understand the concepts involved, then reason alone will suffice for you to decide whether
the proposition is true.
A bachelor is a unmarried man.
If you understand bachelor, you understand unmarried man.
1) Nagel To be a bat.
Resist Physicalism by focusing on consciousness. (also by Smart P.234)
Physicalism: Mental states are physical states, that is brain states.
Focus on Reduction: Mental states can be explained in terms of brain states.
1) Berkeley and Epistemology.
Critical response to Descartes in the Three Dialogues.
Reliance on popular science of the day.
Relies on the microscope in the paper.
Berkeley is idealist: we have only direct access only to our own ideas, not to a world ext
1) Meno, Plato.
(1) Socratic Method.
Platos works are not treatises, they are dialogues.
Socrates is usually the main character.
Form of dialectic: two people discuss their opposing points of view in order to resolve
disagreement and discover truth.
Berkeley: We only know things about secondary body.
All we can know is sensation.
Knowledge is ideas, not material objects.
All of ideas are perceived by God. God create ideas, not material objects.
Ideas are real things, not material.
1) What is Philosophy?
Difficult to prove.
Ethics: what makes an action right or wrong.
Metaphysics: describe in very general terms what exists. (e.g. God exists.)
The things we say in ordinary speech are not always a good indication of how terms are used
What is philosophy
Epistemology what is knowledge what can we know
Metaphysics what is there what is the nature of reality
Logic what is thinking
Ethics what is right/ good/ just?
Aesthetic what is beauty what is art?
Phil aims to get to the heart of the
Send as a PDF Final Exam August 15th
Parfit British Philosopher Oxford
Known for considering objection after objection
What is personal identity theory
Personal identity captures a host of problems
Who am I? What makes o