o Aim to rehabilitate or heal an offender to prevent future
o Offender must recognize their wrongdoing
o Opportunity to start over
o Dissuading someone from future wrongdoing through the
threat of punishment
o Assumes t
Resocialization radical alteration of a personality through deliberate manipulation
of the environment
- it is not saying that changing the habits; it is saying the radical changing of a
personality (value toward something, what is right? what is wrong?)
- workers make the goods, but the goods do not belong to them.
- all these consequences follow from the fact that the worker is related to the
product of his labour as to an alien object.
o people selling their labour and sell some parts of the
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) Anomie
- lack of social connection
Karl Marx (1818-1883) Exploitation/alienation not a sociologist probably a political
- why some things are so boring?
o e.g. some jobs
o not enough brain stimulation
race/gender/social class affect peoples educational experiences and
- poor people learn their place p.307
- control to the poor and justice to the poor
- we value people based on their credentials
- credentials are inflating
when it comes to partnership, there are two very objective truths.
- problems between husbands and wives, problems which seem individual
and marital, are often individual experiences of powerful economic and
cultural shock waves that are not caused by ind
- the effect from family: recall the idea about intensive parenting, people try
their best to prepare their kids. Good grades are not necessarily to be the
only outcome, it could lead to mental health i
how do we know who are middle class and who are upper class?
both parties have these
the types of music that were being played
how do people behave
Classism: a belief that those in higher classes are inheren
The economic prosperity of a community plays a direct role in a schools success.
Functionalist analysis of schooling
o direct effect on the type of citizen we become
o the education set the curriculum
o why are kids fat?
I dont want the k
The family form of any historical period is directly related to the dominant economic
and cultural beliefs of the time
A haven in a heartless world (Christopher Lasch)
The type of family that we come from:
- the types of family that we have are changing
Credit: Kendra Morphy
SOCI101 Practice Questions for the Midterm
1. When a student is favoured by the teacher for whatever reason and made believe that their IQ is
high, in time this student improve their grades, becomes more engaged in class" would be a
sociology is the study of the obvious things, prevent people from being complete
chaos by introducing rules, norms etc
- Society is created through our use of symbols, traditions and rituals
o where does the society come from?
- We use language and behavi
How these patterns or social forces come into existence?
- how is it created?
- where did they come from?
- how do they work?
- how do they all link together?
What effects (positive and negative) these patterns have on our lives?
- these social structure
Global Coffee Commodity Chain:
1) Coffee growers/peasant farmers
Nearly 25 million farmers grow coffee
Primary harvesting/processing of coffee cherries
Growers receive <50 cents per lb.
2) Local traders
Often part of local elites: maintain monopoly over l
No clear agreement on definition
Relatively recent term
Came into English, French, German usage at the end of 1700s
Began used in relation to love and sex in Europe in 1830s
Intertwining Strands of Sexuality
1. Sexual desire or a
What is punishment?
To inflict a penalty on someone for committing a transgression
Authorized imposition of deprivations of person guilty of a
Withholding of some right
Imposing a special burden
What is the purpose of punish
Three Generations of Human Rights
Proposed by Karel Vasak
1. First Generation: Civil and political rights (e.g. right to life, right
to political participation)
2. Second Generation: Economic, social and cultural rights (e.g.
right to own property)
From Pre-racial to Racial Categories
o Rise of capitalism
o Concept of the savage
o The role of science
o The role of state policy
Attachment of privileges and sanctions to racial and ethnic
No Scientific Basis for Race
o The human genome proj
Race, Ethnicity & Inequality
o Race: social distinction based on perceived physical/biological
o Ethnicity: social distinction based on cultural characteristics
(language, religion, customs and shared history)
o Visible mi
The Social Construction of Heterosexuality
The Invention of Heterosexuality (1990) by Jonathan Katz
Pre-heterosexual era (1820-1860)
o Moral purity (romance distinct from sex
o Focus on procreation
Late Victorian Sex-Love (1860-1892)
o Social change er
A just claim or entitlement
o Constrained rights justifiable entitlements (hate speech)
Shared equally regardless of sex, race, nationality etc.
Entrenched as legislative, in bills of rights
o To protect rights against infr
Commodities and value (use/exchange value)
Commodification of culture
Ethics of commodifying the human body
Political: the distribution of power
Who has the authority to make decisions?
sociology is the study of the obvious and the uncovering of inconvenient facts.
- how many of you think your IQ is higher than people in college?
- why do people think that they are from a middle class background?
sociology is in business of myth busting
- The study of group, society, and social relationships.
- It is a science
- Seeks to disentangle complex relationships between ourselves and society.
- Study of the context (or social locations) in which people live and how their
lived are inf