review: what is practical reasoning?
you have a norm or principle (rational command), there are facts, and the end result is
the principles must be desire-like, motivating
theories of right action
University of British Columbia!
Instructor: Dr. Nola Semczyszyn!
TAs: Irwin Chan!
Location: Hennings 201 !
This course is an introduction to the thought and methods of philosophy. Throu
Length: 4-5 pages (or about 1200-1500 words, double spaced).!
Due: Wednesday November 5th in class. Late papers will be deducted 5% per day. Late papers
must be handed in stamped in the philosophy department main ofce Buchannan E 370.
Is Food the New Sex? | Hoover Institution
9/3/14, 12:36 PM
February & March 2009
Is Food the New Sex?
by Mary Eberstadt
Tuesday, January 27, 2009
Of all the truly seismic shifts transforming daily life today deeper than our financial fissures, wider even
1. Justice2. the original position3. utilitarianism4. two
principles of justice 5. argument?
difference between moral theory and practical theory -ethics
is concerned with what makes an act right or wrong -ethics is
about individual acts
-but political ph
1. building opponents argument
2. argument against abortion
3. thought experiment
4. right to life
1. Thomson grants that a fetus is a person from conception
-the more you build your opponents argument, the bigger impact youll have
Writing assignment due on Friday is focusing on number 5
1. Whats the problem to be solved?
2. Whats its signicance?
3. Whats the thesis?
4. What do we need to know to understand the thesis?
5. Whats the argument for the thesis?
6. What remains to be done
2. george and jim
one persons modus ponens is anothers modus tollens
if p then q ! !
eg. if alex is born in canada then alex is canadian
alex is born in canada
so q! !
so alex is canadian
if p t
moral POV: Im one person among many, nothing special, everyone else deserves good
just as much as I do. I have to take that into account in my behaviour, act upon this
POV individual perfec
can skip section 9 of readingfirst draft of assignment isnt
being marked, just getting feedback ! -some can be in point
1. another approach to justice? 2. functionings and
Amartya Sen: capabilities approach (approach, not theory)
for final paper: write objections to the argument, responses
to the objection
1. another approach2. capabilities, freedom and value 3.
application to justice
standard metric-income/wealth, desire satisfaction, wellbeing-generic -these are means to ends
for final exam: dont need to know all the objections and
details, but broad ideas that determine whether youve read
1. Value2. Game Playing 3. Open Games
work is when you do something for its instrumental value in
getting other intrinsic things
S-society, BSS-basic social structure, OP-original position
each agent should act to maximize aggregate goodP1. each
person is to have equal right to the most liberties compatible
wih the same for allP2. social and economic innequality must