Course: ASIA 370The Sanskrit Cosmopolis
Subject: study sheet for first quiz, of Tuesday 7 October 2014
Date: 1 October 2014
Greater India, Indianization
Sanskrit cosmopolis (also known as: Sanskrit ecumene)
o It is here that we find all the fundamental Hindu concepts such as
'karma' (action), 'samsara' (reincarnation), 'moksha' (nirvana), the
'atman' (soul), and the 'Brahman' (Absolute Almighty).
o Goal of Upanishads to ultimately understand and
Periplus of the Erythrean Sea was the logbook and treatise on trade in the Indian Ocean. It was
composed by an anonymous Greek sailor who sailed out of Egypt on sailing voyages that took
him to the shores of east Africa, the Mideast and India c. 50-100 C
Sarmana: unorthodox Buddhists. The Sarmanes knew no God, and Buddhist and Jains who are
agnostics, are classified in this group.
Brahamanya: orthodox Buddhists
Indian community less orthodox in early years. But it became more and more orthodox as time
Brahmadeya was tax free land gift either in form of single plot or whole villages donated to
Brahmans in the early medieval India.
Most important thing about inscriptions: that they are found in 2 different types of languages.
Sanskrit and another local
Prakrit is an everyday use dialect.
Pali is a Prakrit language. Most of the early Buddhist literature is in this
Sanskrit was the dialect of learning
Buddhists and Jains were first vegetarians in the Indian society. Hindus were
Periplus of the Erythraean Sea is a manuscript describing navigation and trading opportunities
Selands four nodes of political and economic integration in the era of the Periplus:
o emperion: the designated port city of an early polity (and the
* Important to go through the table at the end of CH 5.
Mahadevi: is the goddess or devi that is the sum of all other devis
Farmers of the time always believed they themselves or their kin were the best and most
efficient options to work on their fields,
Kavya refers to a Sanskrit literary style used by poets. Generally used in short lyrical work, court epic,
narrative or dramatic work. It includes knowledge of poetic meters.
Important function of poetry: to weave together human and mythological elements
Nalanda, Bihar, India: An important learning center for Buddhists. This center was also crucial to
development of Buddhist culture in Tibet region.
Javanese: the new poetic language in Java to replace Sanskrit
Like Indian literature, Javanese literature
In Khmer region, a mild form of slavery was present. In this context slavery should be thought more as a
service to god than an oppressive practice. The workers were slaves to temples, not other people. Slaves
not bought or sold.
Subak: water manage
ASIA 370 THE SANSKRIT COSMOPOLIS, INDIA AND THE WORLD, 300-1500 CE
SYLLABUSWINTER TERM 21, 2014-15
Winter 1 classes
Winter 1 exam period
Tuesday 2 September to Friday 28 November 2014
Tuesday 4 Dec to Wednesday 17 Dec 2014