The Rise of Korean Civilization
Instructor: Jeongeun Park
Office: Asia Centre 206
Office Hours: Friday 11:00 12:30
This course aims to give students a clear outline
of Korean history from prehistory to 1600,
focusing on the em
Society and Culture of the Three
September 17, 2014
For Critical Reading
Critical reading is a more active way of reading. It is a
process of analyzing, interpreting and evaluating.
1. Self-reflect: What experiences, assumptions and
What is anachronism?
What is Korea?
What are Koreans?
BCE: before common era (=BC)
CE: common era (=AD)
r. : reign. the period of a persons occupation of the
office in kingdom or dynasty.
Founding monarch of set the foundation for a kingdom that would unify much
of the Korean Peninsula
egg-birth myth: rejection / explanation
How its impossible
Likes supernatural myth?
Anti-Yuan & Pro-reform, autonomy king
Land & slave
The Fall of Silla and
The Rise of Kory
Term Paper Topics
posted on CONNECT.
The term paper should be 12-15 pages
double-spaces and 12 point font, plus
It is due November 21.
What are hyangga? How were they written?
Buddhism in the Unified Silla
Tributary relation to Tang
The relationship between Tang and Silla can
be considered the beginning of the mature
tributary relationship that would characterize
Article 809 of the South Korean Civil
Code (Prohibition against marriage between
persons with the same surname and the
same pongwan) was abolished in 2005 (not in
2010) in South Korea.
a religion in which th
The Samguk sagi and the
Historical records from the Three Kingdoms
Kogury: Yugi (Records of memorabilia), Sinjip
(New collection) by Yi Mun-jin
Paekche: Sgi (Chronicle) recorded by Kohng
during the rule of King Knchogo (r. 3
What is the civil service examination?
What does the pongwan (clan-seat) mean?
Why is history important for Confucian
scholars (e.g. Kim Pusik)?
Silla Confucianism: More practical concern on
Military Rule - 1
Who is Myochong?
What is the monk examination?
What impact did the monk examination have
on Kory Buddhism?
Could a Kory man escape the strict social
hierarchy by fleeing to a monastery?
The ruling elite of Kory
The Three Kingdoms
Paleolithic Age 500,000 BCE 10000 BCE
Neolithic Age 6000 BCE 1000 BCE
1000 BCE 300 BCE
tribal federation (or chiefdom).
Early Iron Age 300 BCE 100 BCE
Old Chosn (? 108 BCE)
Late Iron Age
1. Ruling elite late 13&16CE
military government collapsed and Mongol dominance 1270
old aristocrats largely survived
late 13CE was a period of Mongol dominance where the major
portions of came under direct control of Mongol forces
4CE Intro. From Qin
-> developed by
6CE~: Protective cult vs calamities, invasions
Prayers, rituals protect kingdom
Esoteric (, ) -> official state faith (, ) -> suppression
Secure kingdom from calamities & invasion -> state
Annals of the Choson Dynasty/ Veritable records of the Choson
During the reign of a king, historiographers maintained extensive records
on national affairs and the activities of the state (economy, daily life, arts,
3. social structure & status
: 6CE~social status determined by
Hierarchal ranks according to hereditary bloodlines (each rank with special
Privilege: qualify for office, right to possess material goods
= hierarchal social structure
Discussion on Kogury
What impact did Confucianism have on the
What impact did Taoism have on the three
How was Silla Buddhism different from
Buddhism of Paekche and Kogury?
Two grounds of Chinese Kogury
Buddhism, Confucianism and
Taoism in the Three Kingdoms
What did the Three Kingdoms have in
common in the socio-political structure?
Do you see any reference to Tangun in their
Secondary state formation
Foreign Relations and
Unification under Silla
Was Kogury a Korean kingdom?
Kogury was definitely a part of Korean history.
Korean historians in Kory and Chosn have
considered Kogury a part of their history for a
Old Chosn and the Early
What evidence is there that there was one
people, one ethnic group, living in and around
the Korean peninsula 2,000 or more years ago?
How does technological change (from stone
age to bronze age to ir
Society and Culture
of Unified Silla
How was Silla able to defeat Kogury and
How was Silla able to expel Tang China from
What were the consequences for Korean
history of the Silla victory?
Introduction to Korean History
Buchanan D222 D316
Monday and Wednesday: Buchanan D316
Friday: Henry Angus 254
What is a primary source?
What is a secondary source?
The Annals of the Chosn
Who wrote the sourc
Sources, pp. 216-239
What does social mobility mean?
What factors affected social mobility of the
How did the Kogy society differ from that of
Who were nobi (slaves)?
Changes in soc
The Chosn Government
and Political Thought
The establishment of the Chosn
It was more than a change of dynasties; it
was a long-term attempt to create a society in
conformity to Confucian values and beliefs.
Today when Kor
How did Chosn differ from Kory?
It was promulgated in the fifteenth century.
Originally, it was based on the Ming Code (
), and then based on Code of Administration of
the Chosn Dynasty (Ch
Family and Lineage
How did the social structure of Chosn differ
from that of Kory?
Primogeniture: the eldest son inherited the
Strict exogamy: prohibition against marriage
between persons with the same surname
The Mongol Invasions
What was the impact of military rule on
Korean society and politics?
The military ruled Japan for around 700 years.
In Korea military rule lasted only a century.
Was the Kory a feudal society?
What was the educational system like in the
Did the Hunmin chngm (or hangl) replace
Were Chosn women educated?
What Influence did Neo-Confucianism have on
Indicators of social s
Chosns Neighbors and Military
The term papers
due on this Friday
It covers all lectures and readings about Chosn.
DEC 13, 12:00 PM
Who were the sarim ?
What caused the emergence and the gr
Until December 1
About your term paper topic
Women in the Kory period
Women had a great deal of social and economic
Couple lived with the wifes family.
Chicago Manual of Style citation
1. Rhodes Murphey, A History of Asia, 6th edition (New
York: HarperCollins, 2008), 232.
2. Adam Fforde, Economics, History, and the Origin of
Vietnams Post-war Economic Success, Asian S