Braches of Philosophy
Metaphysics (Study of nature of reality, anything we think actually
Epistemology (The study of knowledge, what we know and how we
Ethics (Trying to understand whats right or wrong)
Political/Social (Social values an
Chapter 8 Morality
Ethics and values:
Set of standard of right/wrong
- Value, guidelines and their justifications
- Evaluates based on accepted universal principals
Subdivision of ethics:
What the course aims and policies are
Something about what philosophy is
What the main areas of philosophy are
What the main methods of philosophy are
What is Philosophy?
-Looking for explanations for phenomenon
-Philosophy is an activity:
PHIL 102 Jan 29th
We can think of moral codes as objective features of societies and evaluate whether they
accomplish their intended purposes, i.e. furthering shared human goals and interests
Any action is right which is approved by an ideal moral code, o
PHIL 102 Jan 28th
NB: moral theories are about alleged rights, i.e. theories about how thing should
be, not legal rights
Rights imply rights holder, and rights addressee
A rights holders claim imposes a duty on an addressee
Right have content and (relativ
PHIL 102 Jan 20th
Thinks two kinds of things are valuable, two types of things are good.
o Valuable on the condition that you use it well (ex. Money)
o Intrinsically good baed on good will.
According to Kant, there are subjective condition
PHIL 102 Feb 5th
Virtue Ethics (VE) and Adultery
Utilitarians/Kantians think people are good if they perform right actions
Virtue Ethicists view right actions as ones that would be done by the virtuous
We might think the virtues we value are tho
Augment makes greater by adding to it
Conformable - disposed or accustomed to conform to what is acceptable or expected.
Law or Dictate
Partisan - a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person.
Approbation - approval or praise.
Rectitude - mor
EUTHYPHRO Quick Summary
1.) Why does Socrates continually highlight that he [speaks] in dialect
and normal manner in which [he has] been brought up at the trial?
We conclude that: Socrates is generally viewed as a very wise figure in his
town, in order no
INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC
1. Logic is the science of the correctness or incorrectness of reasoning, or the study
of the evaluation of arguments.
2. A statement is a declarative sentence, or part of a sentence, that can be true or
How many stat
The Purposes of Logical Rigor
A. Why are we so obsessed with logic?
Isnt ethics a highly personal thing that deals with issues that touch our lives every day?
It would be silly, distracting and probably distorting to apply such rigorous evaluatio
Readings Chapters 1+ 2
The year 399 BCE in the city-state of Athens.
Spartans better land fighters/Athenians better sea warriors
Spartans ruined Athens
-Socrates meets Euthyphro at the King Archons law court
-Euthyphro has charge
Chapter 4 Are you Free?
Freedom and Determinism
- Are we free?
Sometime we are not free, but most of the time we are free.
- Problem of free will: incompatibilism and compatibilism
Incompatibilism: hard determinism, indeterminis
Chapter 9 Morality
What are right actions?
Constructing an Ethical Theory
- Non happy/Not happy There is a difference between Non happy and Not happy
Moral: Saying someone from drowning is a moral action, but you have to thi
March 25, 2013 Phil
Chapter 10: Social Justice
If the people by led by laws and uniformity sought to be given them by punishment, they will try
to avoid the ounishment, but have no senses of honer of shame. If they be led by vitue, and
The word comes from the greek Phila Sophia
First suggested by Pythagoras (579 BCE)
Branches of philosophy
o Study of nature of reality, anything we think actually exists.
o Study of knowledge; what we know and how w
March 18, 2013
1. If you are speaking about something philosophical you need to define your terms. You cant
just talk about identity without defining it.
2. If you are going to talk about somebodys view, you have to say whose view it is or
Nov 14, 2011
Word Count: 3244
Kantian ethics and utilitarianism are two major moral theories that people may
follow or use to aid in deciding whether or not an action is morally permissible, helping
them to make the best ethical choice. In this paper I wi