Cultures are never static and are always
How do Ideas Catch On?
Ideas that convey useful
information are widely discussed
How do Ideas Catch On?
Ideas that elicit a strong emotional
Ethnographic fieldwork methods
Participants observation: joining n on the events and actions research
participants do to learn [as a researcher] the cultural insders perspective
to do or say various things
Biological difference: if a tribe eats a lot of sugar the people there will
be forced to have
more cavities and therefore their cultural factor is causing a biological
the other side, if a group has a tendencyu to brush their teeth often af
Clarifications from "muddiest point"
Assumption: everyone wants the most money possible
Fairness: experimenter gives person a money and tells person a to share
to person b, if person b thinks offer too small, can reject and both get 0
Cultures are never static and are always changing
They evolve when new ideas spread.
How do ideas catch on?
Ideas that convey useful information are widely discussed and spread.
Ideas that elicit a strong emotional reaction are more l
CHAPTER 4: METHODS FOR STUDYING CULTURE AND PSYCHOLOGY
Who Should We Study?
Most cross-cultural studies have contrasted university students living in industrialized
countries, largely because of convenience.
This raises the question of whether the resul
INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
Contrast between General Psychology and Cultural Psychology
According to Shweder:
General Psychology: Reveal the underlying, and universal, CPU.
o We need to isolate the mind from context and content, to red
CHAPTER 5: DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIALIZATION
Some Aspects for Culture Are Learned in a Sensitive Window
A sensitive window indicates a biological preparation for the acquisition of the
In particular, some aspects of language are learned in a sen
PSYCHOLOGY 307 MIDTERM #1
Example of how culture has shaped our minds: The relative length task:
When given relative vs absolute task to American and East Asian students,
East Asians show more activation of the brain regions (left i
PSYCHOLOGY 307 STUDIES:
Taxi Drivers in London:
Taxi drivers must navigate the busies and complex street grids but overtime
they gain experience and create mental maps that aid them in figuring out the
best way to get from A to B. These experience
Participant vs non-participant
Why would you wan to participate or no participate in observing
How would being a participants bs a non participant change the answer
Self report; participants tell researcher what they do or think-
Direct behavioural observation: researcher observes participants ex.
or staged settings- can be experiment or correlational
Informant reports: someone wh
Who Should we
Ideally, populations for which
you have theoretical reasons to
predict the responses. If you
are studying 2 or more
populations, they should vary
on a meaningful cultural
Why are humans so
much weaker than our
Large brains require an enormous
amount of energy.
Having smaller muscles allowed
humans to evolve larger more
Another way that humans d
How we perceive ourselves, and
understand our identity plays a
crucial role in how we think
about many things.
The self-concept is implicated in:
directing what information we
should attend to,
how we derive meaning from
Some Aspects of Culture
are Learned in a
In particular, some aspects of language are
learned in a sensitive window.
Humans have evolved
such that they learn a
language in a particular
period of life (from ver
How ware the researchers and the particpanting member sod indgenous
thinking about and intepretin the interartions they are having with each
How are the reesearch repsetinv heir perspective, dignity
Special challenges in cross cultural resea
Common historical curcumstances
What is an indegenous group
Indigenous goup membership often entails group identity cannot be
down to individial identity
How does work with indigenous groups present additional ethical
Methodological equivalence- research materials like survey
behavioural manipulations are perceived and understood in identical
ways in all
Reference group effects
-self evaluations made by comparing self to a reference gro
PSYC 307 FINAL EXAM STUDIES:
Chapter 10: Emotions
Capilano Suspension Bridge Study: 2 Factory Emotion Theory
Young males met either an attractive female research assistant or an averagelooking male research assistant, either just as they stepped off of t
Companion to preschool in 3 cultures: Japan, China,
Taped typical day at preschool in 3 cultures
Then took them back and let teachers + parents watch videos and react
Get a sense of ideological social class and showed tapes to audiences and reco
Module 3 Video: One HAPA Family
Every 4 years do a reunion
o At reunion all kids were mixed
Nobody after grandparents married someone of Japanese decent
Why such high inter marriage?
What impact does this have?
o 95% marriage rate Japanese Can
Cultural Psych 307
Chapter 5 - Development & Socialization Textbook Chapter Notes
Development & Socialization
- culture shapes many of the norms that govern our behavior
ex* interpersonal space during conversations: compared with Americans, Venezuelans
Psych 307 - Cultural Psychology
Chapter 6 - Textbook Notes
Self & Personality
- in analysis of Winter Olympics media coverage: Americans focused more on how their
performance reflected their own personal characteristics, whereas the Japanese focused
CHAPTER 2: CULTURE AND HUMAN NATURE
Humans are real wimps: humans and chimps shared common ancestors 5-7 mil. years ago - the
ancestor must have at least been as muscular as a chimp - Why did we lose all of our muscle
Is culture unique to humans?
Chapter 3 - Cultural Evolution
- manners differ across cultures b/c people are socialized to different sets of norms and
- the evidence for the cultural foundation of manners is even stronger when we
consider how manners have changed over time (e.
CHAPTER 7: LIVING IN MULTICULTURAL WORLDS
This chapter: how peoples psychology is affected when they move to a new culture
DIFFERENCES IN STUDYING ACCULTURATION
Acculturation: the process by which people migrate to and learn a culture that is different
Chapter 1 - What Is Cultural Psychology?
- humans have one particular adaption that compensates for all that we lack i.e., humans
have culture. We rely on culture more than any other species, and its our reliance on culture
that has allowed us to su