Aristocrats - Those whose high status and power are due to their family background. Thus they are
relatively independent towards to government because they have an independent power base in their
Bureaucrats An appointed government official
LECTURE JANUARY 29
o internal weaknesses of Mughal empire contributed more to decline in 18th
century than power of British
o Industrial Revolution put large taxes on Indian textile productions, demand
decreased significantly British took material
February 24 2015
- Can we find capitalism in Asia before 1900: True capitalism requires a separation between ownership
of the tools of production and the actual use of those tools to produce goods, as well as a separation
Islam in Central Asia
January 9, 2014
Premodern governments tended to be quite different from
governments today. They usually did not even try to represent
or help the people they governed. Instead, they were predato
China in the 19th Century:
January 30, 2014
January 23, 2014
Did many Japanese become Christians in the 16th century?
Three hundred thousands, but later Christians are seen as threat of loyalty
What was a shogun?
The military ruler
How did the government of Tokugawa
Plus Korea, Ming China
January 16, 2014
What was the primary written language in Korea during the Joseon dynasty?
In what ways was Joseon very different from China?
Yangban (status) system, where in China most
From One Korea
April 1, 2014
and Southeast Asia
Fall Under Colonial Rule
February 11, 2014
Where was Japans first colony?
What provided the excuse for Japan to fight China in 1894-95?
Sino-Japanese War- Fought over the control of Korea. Japanese
March 11, 2014
Who was Sun Yatsen? Did he have a typical Qing-era education?
Come up with idea on how to run the republic of China. He had a MD degree
What were the Three Peoples Principles?
Who was Yuan Shikai?
January 28, 2014
What sorts of Europeans can we see in Japan in the 16th century? What about
in the 18th century?
Where did the Portuguese establish outposts in Asia?
Why were the Spanish so successful in the Phili
And the Encounter with Korea
February 6, 2014
What was the Meiji Restoration?
How did the Meiji government create nationalism in
Was the Meiji government democratic? (pp. 353-55)
Could most Japanese adults vote?
Feb. 4, 2014
What was the greatest military threat to the Qing dynasty in the middle of the 19th
Taipin rebellion, held on to Nanjing, 20 million lives lost.
[The 1st Opium War from 1838 to 1842. There was a typo on a slid
January 21, 2014
What did the Joseon and Qing governments have in common?
Similar form of government, civil service exam
Were the Manchu Chinese? Was the Qing a Chinese empire?
Chinas north east, Manchu. Govern by Manchu em
History of Asia Since 1500
January 7, 2014
PLUS JAPAN AFTER
APRIL 8, 2014
What sorts of ethno-religious conflicts can we see in modern Southeast Asia?
Buddhist vs Muslims
Which is the richest country in Southeast Asia? Is it a democracy?
Singapore, not democr
February 27, 2014
Can we find capitalism in pre-modern Asia?
Was there much social mobility in pre-modern China, India, or Japan?
- Not in India and Japan. But Civil service exam
South Asian Nationalism
March 17 2014
- Which Southeast Asian country was not occupied by theJapanese?
- Who was Sukarno? Leader of non-allied after 1945.
- Who was Ho Chi Minh?
- Do you see any relationship between the religion of country and the
China Under Mao
March 19 2015
- Chinese Civil War (1945-1949): CCP had the support of the masses because they were willing to fight
the Japanese whereas the KMT was not (knew through war of attrition they could win). Much more
organized, better at
Japan After 1945
March 26 2015
Japans Defeat & the US Occupation:
- endure the unendurable Emperors radio message (August 1945)
- The Occupation, 1945-1953 (p. 462-464)
- SCAP and Douglas MacArthur
Demilitarization war crimes trial, victors ju
China After Mao
March 24 2015
- What was the Great Leap Forward? 1958, Maos attempt to catch up to the UK. Marxism says that
material relations of production determine what happens, Mao said human will overturned this
(voluntarism), could still ca
South Asia After 1945
March 31 2015
- Is Japan a democracy today? Yes, peaceful transfers of power. Ruling power was out of power for a
few years. Freedom of speech, press, elections, etc.
- Ruling part of Japan = Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).
South & Southeast Asia
April 2 2015
- Why did British India split into India and Pakistan in 1947? No historical precedence, but Muslims
knew they would be a minority, asked for a separate state. Primarily split over religio-ethnicity.
- Is India
Korea & Taiwan Under Japanese Rule
March 3 2015
- Zaibatsu: Purpose to concentrate capital (helped second wave of Japanese IR), ran conglomerates of
certain business, had own bank, competed with each other, didnt have a monopoly.
- How does democr
The Two Koreas
April 7 2015
- Why did Bangladesh split from Pakistan? No religious difference between the two areas, but East
Pakistan had a larger population but the West dominated the government. The West refused to
recognize the results of an e
ASIA 101 KEY TERMS
ARISTOCRATS: Those whose high status and power are due to their family background. (hereditary
charisma). Aristocrats thus are somewhat independent of government, particularly of the king or emperor,
because they have an independent pow
ASIA 101 MIDTERM REVIEW
Jan 6 Introduction to the Course
What will we be doing in this course?
Why are there so many more human beings today than there were 500 years ago?
How does a modern society differ from a pre-modern society?
What, if anything,
China under Mao
March 20, 2014
What role did Gandhi play in Indian nationalism?
What role did Jinnah play in South Asian nationalism?
What was the Indian National Congress?
What role did World War I play in the rise of Indian
South Asia after 1945
March 27, 2014
What is the difference between a totalitarian government
and an authoritarian government?
What was the impact on the Chinese economy of the
switch from an import-substitution economy to one that
was export orien