Europe in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries
Danes, Swedes, and Norwegians
in Northern and Western Europe and around the Mediterranean
passage into manhood to go out into foreign lands and pillage
they start sai
12th Century Renaissance
1. Huge of St. Victor:
learn everything; you will see afterwards that nothing is superfluous. a skimpy
knowledge is not a pleasing thing.
without 12th century, there would have been no Italian Renaissance.
12th Century Continent
1. Louis VII.
marries Eleanor, the heiress to the Duchy of Aquitaine
goes on the second crusade.
had a big blowup with his wife about misbehaviour!
had not produced a male heir.
annuls the relationship after a
12c Renaissance further continued
1. Romanesque, continued
stylized sculptures! Jesus as the judge
2. Gothic Churches
created something much more different.
Abbot Suger rebuilds the Abbey of Saint-Denis
the Empire and the Papacy
1. Frederick Barbarossa
becomes heir to the kingdom.
stopped the decentralization in his lands
forced his lordship over princes
but of course, Papal opposition arises in Italy.
lost his Ital
1. with the death of Canute, Edward, the son of Ethelred, reasserts control
brought his own group of Normans to the court
which was occupied by Anglo-Saxons, Danes
so they began to break off in
Holy Roman Empire and the Church
1. mostly talking about practice.
each church leader had a different idea about who should be leading it.
also, everyone who wasnt part of a church
one way to do penance
from the time
Meanwhile, in France
1. the king was in control of the Ile-de-France
western part entirely controlled by English king
tenants and church appointments handled this
he exploited his lordship
helped people s
Gregorian Reform continued
1. two groups intimately interested in reform.
and the clergy was split between Gregorian reformers, vs. pragmatic
and secular interests.
reformed clergy, under the direction of the Po
12c Renaissance cont'd
1. Bernard and Peter Abelard
2. Mysticism vs. Logic
Bernard had no time for people like Abelard who tried to explain things with
God reveals himself to you in your heart!
Sic et Non attacks Abe