SAMPLE EXAM QUESTIONS
Chapter One
1. Claudio is studying palm tree heights in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. In this study, which
of the following is a variable?
a. Location = Pernambuco.
b. Tree height.
c. The height of any specific treefor example, 3
Jan 28
Indigenous Knowledge, Science what have we learned from a decade of integration
Breaking news: Natural Resources Canada
A new approach was announced yesterday! The Government of Canada moves to restore
I am optimistic that we can begin to rebuild t
Unit 5 Relationship between two categorical variables
We will examine three aspects of a relationship
between two categorical variables:
1. The nature or direction of the relationship.
2. The strength of the relationship.
3. If the data is a sample random
Unit 4 Describing a continuous variable
We will look at three aspects of a continuous
variable:
the centre (how big the observations or values are
on average, often called the central tendency),
the spread (how compact or spread out the
observations are,
Unit 6 Relationship between two continuous variables
We will examine three aspects of a relationship
between two continuous variables:
1. The nature or direction of the relationship.
2. The strength of the relationship.
3. If the data is a sample randomly
Unit 3 Describing a categorical variable
A frequency distribution for a single variable is
a listing of possible values for the variable
together with a tabulation of the number of
observations for each value. It often includes
information pertaining to p
Unit 2  Variables
The first step of most statistical analysis is to
look at the way in which cases are distributed
among values of a variable (Garner, 2010: 29).
Cases are the units of analysis, things that
have certain characteristics or properties
(Gar
Unit 8 Multiple regression
Remember Y = bX + a?
b represents the slope of the regression line
a positive value of b means that the slope is positive,
i.e., as you move from left to right on the scatterplot
the line rises; a negative value of b means that
Unit 9  Sampling
The entire group of individuals that we want
information about is called the population.
A sample is a part of the population that we
actually examine in order to gather information.
A parameter is a numerical summary of the
population.
Unit 11 Statistical inference:
Tests of significance
Significance testing
Significance tests have six elements:
1. null and alternative hypotheses
2. test statistic
3. pvalue
4. alphalevel
5. conclusion
6. assumptions that should be met
In the crim
Unit 7 Relationship between a categorical variable and a
continuous variable
We will examine three aspects of a relationship
between a categorical variable and a
continuous variable:
1. The nature or direction of the relationship.
2. The strength of the r
Plan for the Day
Multivariate Analysis with Regression
Inequality in and out of Marriage
Is inequality in society reflected in marriage?
4
2
0
Frequency
Mean = 19.9%
Median = 20.2%
SD = 9.2%
IQR = 8.9%
6
8
Cases are 15 Wealthy Countries
Y is coupl
Tutorial #1
September 24 2015
SOCI 328
Tutorial #1
Updates:
office hours
Gerry: Tuesdays, 11am12pm (ANSO 1321)
Natasha: Thursdays, 23 (ANSO 2322) or by appointment
Review quiz from last class
Vietnam is a constant, and not a variable because it can'
Feb 2
History&Policy
Migration Theory
75,000 years
Earliest identifiable evidence to 14,000 years ago
Indigenous people were big game hunting while walking over the land bridge in Russia (they
were coming over for big game hunting purposes)
Traditional Fo
Unit 4
SOCI 328
September. 29, 2015
Today and Thursday: Unit 4
Tuesday, Oct. 6: Tutorial for Unit 4 & Assignment 1* questions
Tuesday, Oct. 6 from 35pm: Lab Times* @ Buch 125
Wednesday, Oct. 7 from 123pm: Lab Times* @ Buch 125
Thursday, Oct. 8: Unit 5 &
Unit 2 Variables
Soci 328
Sep 15 & 17
Unit 2 Variables
The first step of most statistical analysis is to look at the way in which cases are distributed
among values of a variable (Garner, 2010: 29).
Cases are the units of analysis, things that have cert
Unit 1 Introduction
SOCI 328
Week 1
Unit 1 Introduction
Why Are We Here?
1. Statistics can be extremely useful in providing evidence for (or against) statements such as
these:
Women tend to report more illnesses than men.
Workingclass people are mor
Unit 4 continued
Thursday, October. 1, 2015
SOCI 328
If you want, there are study questions in the textbook:
Question #1: pages 255
Question #2: 4ab, 6, 7
In Connect, there are descriptions of variables inside STATA
You can reference to this document if
Unit 1  Introduction
Statistics can be extremely useful in providing
evidence for (or against) statements such as
these:
1. Women tend to report more illnesses than men.
2. Workingclass people are more likely than upperclass people to have high blood pr
Unit 10 Probability
Probability
Our goal is to become familiar with the
language of probability without exploring the
mathematics of probability.
Example
Toss a coin . Do it again And again
The behaviour of the coin is unpredictable in
the short run (its
Unit 11 Statistical inference:
Tests of significance
Significance testing
Significance tests have six elements:
1. null and alternative hypotheses
2. test statistic
3. pvalue
4. alphalevel
5. conclusion
6. assumptions that should be met
In the crim
Chapter 9: Understanding Relationships
Overview:
Within the structure of Part III, Chapter 9 is oriented as follows:
Does your problem centre on a descriptive or an inferential issue?
Descriptive
How many variables are being analyzed simultaneously? Tw
Chapter 6: Measures of Dispersion
Overview:
Within the structure of Part II, Chapter 6 is oriented as follows:
Does your problem centre on a descriptive or an inferential issue?
Descriptive
How many variables are being analyzed simultaneously? One
Wha
Chapter 7: Charts and Graphs
Overview:
Within the structure of Part II, Chapter 7 is oriented as follows:
Does your problem centre on a descriptive or an inferential issue?
Descriptive
How many variables are being analyzed simultaneously? One
What is
Chapter 11: Scatterplot Analysis
Overview:
Recall: Bivariate analysis attempts to determine whether a change in one
(independent) variable is associated with a systematic (reliable) change
in another (dependent) variable.
If an association is detected,
Chapter 8: The Normal Curve
Overview:
Within the structure of Part II, Chapter 8 is oriented as follows:
Does your problem centre on a descriptive or an inferential issue?
Descriptive
How many variables are being analyzed simultaneously? One
What is t
Chapter 10: Bivariate Tables
Overview:
Recall: Bivariate analysis attempts to determine whether the expected
(predicted) relationship between variables, as stated in a hypothesis, is
actually present in the data.
Chapter 10 focuses on the use of bivaria
Chapter 21: Various Significance Tests
Overview:
Chapter 21 introduces a few additional inferential concepts and tests.
Within the structure of Part V, Chapter 21 is oriented as follows:
Does your problem centre on a descriptive or an inferential issue?
Chapter 1: The Location and Limits of Quantitative Analysis
Overview:
Learning social statistics is like navigating a maze.
To navigate the maze, we need to find our bearings, and we can do this in
two stages.
1. We examine a model of the social constru
Unit 3 Categorical Variables
Tuesday, September. 22, 2015
SOCI 328
Today: We had a multiple choice pop quiz. If you weren't there, email the TA or the prof!
Next class: We'll be doing work with STATA
Describing a Categorical Variable
Frequency Distribut
Feb 4
Whos Got The Power: Analysis of Aboriginal Decision Making Authority in Forest Management
Arrangements
Discussion on todays reading
Purpose (of the reading today)
Is the recent increase in Aboriginal access to forest resources corresponded in an inc
Aboriginal Forestry
Study tips:
Study according to the learning objectives *but dont worry about the learning objective about the case
studies since we havent learned much about case studies yet
Study the definitions well
Format:
a table worth 30 marks

Feb 9
Defining Aboriginal Rights
Forestry Glossary Definitions (we wont be tested on these definitions, but just fyi)
Tenure
Crown land
Allowable annual cut
Found at: http:/www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/documents/glossary/Glossary.pdf
What does it mean: A