Culture serves to meet biological and
psychological needs of individuals.
By the 1930s Malinowskian field work had
become the hallmark of British Social
Writing Assignment #2 Explain the neo-evolutionism of Leslie White. What are
the pros and cons of his theory?
Leslie White (1900-75) is one of the four neo-evolutionist in the mid twentieth
century, who revived and reformulated nineteenth-century classica
History of Anthropological Theory
Winter 2015, Term 2
T/Th 2:00 3:30PM AnSo 203
Instructor: Dr. Carole Blackburn
Office: AnSo 2207
Office Hrs: TBA
This course is a history of anthrop
Early 20 Century
Critical of evolution and
ideas of independent
invention. His work on
the Northwest Coast in
the disruption of
His ethnographic work
also taught him to
A body of theory originating primarily in literary
criticism, cultural studies and philosophy.
Concerned with relations of power; in particular to
analyze and combat the effects of colonialism upon
2016 Urban Ethnographic Field School
Applications Due Fri. March 11*, 2016
Professional anthropologists mostly men,
and the topics studied involved men more
than women. Women and womens issues
To rectify this, feminist scholars advocated
doing an anthropology of
British Social Anthropology
Part of the turn away from evolutionism in Britain.
Borrowing from Durkheim the idea that societies
are like organisms. Parts of society have functions;
they function together to maintain equilibrium
Culture determines the personality of its
Cultures have a configurationcultures are
personality writ large
Historical particularism criticized as depicting
cultures as a hodge podge of traits with no
Wanted to purge anthropology of
nonscientific or antiscientific approaches. A
science of culture.
Used cultural materialism to give a rational
explanation for seemingly irrational
Culture is a means of adap
Writing Assignment #1 - What is Social Darwinism?
Social Darwinism is a loosely used theory that refers to the survival of the
fittest, or the natural selection in the Darwinism theory formulated by biological
evolutionist Charles Darwin in his 1859 book,
Covers nineteenth century evolutionism,
foundations of sociological thought, cultural
particularism, culture and personality,
functionalism and structural functionalism.
Note, we have not done French structural
Know the theories an
1901 - 78
Student of Franz Boas
and Ruth Benedict
Went to American
Samoa in the early
1920s for dissertation
research, on direction of
Published Coming of
Age in Samoa in 1928.
Coming of Age in
ANTH 400A 001
April 27, 2016
University of British Columbia
The dominant view today is that women have always been to some degree oppressed
the usual term is dominated by men, because men are stronger, th
Freud and Durkheim
The father of
to get at repressed
manifest in neurosis.
Theory of conscious
and unconscious mind
Three part of the
Civilization and its
Late 19 Century
Karl Marx and Friedrich
Marx and Engels
The German Ideology (1845-46), The Communist
Capital Volume One (1867), authored solely by Marx
Darwins Origin of Species, 1869.
Their theory of inherently exploitativ
Symbolic and Interpretive
1960s and 1970s.
Part of a broader reevaluation of theoretical
models and approaches.
Rejecting notion that culture is something that
can be explained according to its function, the
product of binary structures, o
On the Origin of Species
by Means of Natural
Implied but did not
The Descent of Man, And
Selection in Relation to
On the evolution of man
from an apel
Generally the belief that human existence determines
human consciousness, so how we live determines what
we will think.
A perspective that looks to ideas and meanings, rather
than material conditions, as the
The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, 1912.
His study of religion and religion ritual part of his
interest in collective consciousness and solidarity.
Turned to examples from Northwest Coast and
19th Century Cultural
Cultural or social evolutionists are so called
because they are interested in the
transformation of cultural forms over time.
E.B Tylor, Herbert Spencer, Lewis Henry
Does culture evolve?
Neo-evolutionism and Cultural Materialism
Energy and the
Evolution of Culture,
published in American
Anthropologist in 1943.
Before the invention of
the atomic bomb.
The Evolution of
Culture published in
Final paper due April 11th.
On April 5th please bring laptop to class to
fill out online class evaluation. The Faculty
of Arts requires professors to make this time
available in class.
The question of female subordination