Adjectival verbs, or Pseudo-Adjectives
Source of MJ na-adjectives
There are two types Nari and Tari
follows a rahen conjugation, except for the additional RYK form
It is not quiet
quietly/it was quiet
It is quiet
a quiet person
altho its quiet
Lower One Row Verbs
There is only ONE verb in this class: , to kick.
I dont kick.
the one who kicks
although I kick
That Assistant Director of the Medical Ministry was kicked, and
died of illness.
There were many who had their he
Two kinds of adjectives Ku and Shiku (based on form of RYK)
Usually describe an objective or physical condition, e.g., tall, red,
pure, good, is not
Adjectives have two forms, the ku stem and the kari stem. Kari conjugates as
Ra Irregular Verbs
Only FOUR verbs in this conjugation:
to be, to have
to be, to lie down, to sit
to be (humble)
to be (honorific)
Upper One Row Verbs and
Kami-ni-dan () Upper Two Row Verbs
Origins of MJ vowel or ru-verbs, with stems in -i or e
Upper One Row Verbs
I dont see
The one who sees
Although I see
as for trying to look at/see us
In the s
negative equivalent of mu
Probably there are visitors
Probably there are no visitors
Probably the mountain is high
Probably the mountain is not high
When one pours water on it, the flame goes out
Although one pours wate
Adj./ra-hen > RENTAI + beshi
all others > SHSHI + beshi
indicates a higher degree of probability than ~mu
It will surely rain tomorrow
The flowers must
refers to matters of less certainty that are not within the speakers sight
of ra-type suffixes
of all other verbs and suffixes
The mountains are probably beautiful now
I worry about my child who may (now) being crying at home
conjecture on past actions, states, or causes
I wonder when it was
The messenger was a high priest from Kya
CONJECTURE AS TO PAST CAUSE ()
Why did I return to my home village?
Often appears parenthetically
The person who will probably read this
You should read it.
It is probably cold.
Tomorrow it will probably rain
There are probably many people today
This bird looks terrible, but sings beautifully.
It is not easy to go ov
negative counter-part of
1. Negative Conjecture
2. Negative Intention
3. Negative Potential
4. Negative Propriety
5. Negative Command
1. Negative Conjecture
Im sure it wont rain tomorrow.
That mountain must not
has a conjugation; has a conjugation
Difference between present (), past (), and perfect ():
1) Tar is eating a meal.
2) Tar was eating a meal.
Lets open the champagne after Tanaka gets here.
Some claim that -tsu is used with transitive ver
conjugates like a shiku-keiyshi
conjugates like a ku-keiyshi
I want to go to the capital
Can be used for 3rd person, and to express speakers desire that someone else
(2nd person) do something
Although the Emperor wants to see the prin
Two verbs only:
(to go away)
He does not die.
~ He died.
He does/will die.
one who dies
~ although he dies
used for past action or state that was NOT directly experienced or observed
by the speak; represents a kind of hearsay, often used in narratives
Back then, there was this man.
Once upon a time, there was someone called the Old Bamboo-Cutt
PERFECTS TARI & -RI
both use ra-hen conjugation
He has gone to the mountain temple
When the swallows have built a nest, report it!
There is no one who has met (him)
characters written on the wall
indicates that the action or state took place in the past and that the speaker
either experienced or observed it directly
the mizenkei is ONLY used in combination with
to indicate a
If the wind stopped, it
-nari follows nouns and verbs in the rentaikei;
-tari follows only nouns USED ONLY FOR TEMPORARY STATES
I am a student
I am a student now
When I was a student, I lived in Nara
still parsed as dantei
I went to a temple in Asuka
a N called
Four Row Verbs
By far most numerous class of verbs (origin of consonant or u-verbs)
indicates the greatest degree of doubt about the validity of a statement,
extending so far as to reveal the conviction on the part of the speaker that
the statement is, in fact, not true.
-mashi attaches to the MIZENKEI of all inflecting parts of spe
The University of British Columbia
Japanese 100 Section 005 & 008
2015 Winter Session 1 (3 credits)
West Mall Auditorium
M & F: 11:00 - 12:00
T & R: 15:00 16:00
7151737 Additional Syllables
Consonants without following vowel attach u
Cu: k ku, g' gu, s su, z zu, th su etc.)
misu (X E X) ,
kimu ($.19 ,bus basu (RX) ,bath basu (A731)
Sociology 310 Canadian Society
There is much debate about the similarities and differences between Canadians/Canada
and Americans/US. In fact, being not American is sometimes central to our identity as
What do we actually