Effect of Brine Salinity and Crude Oil Properties on Relative Permeabilities and
Paulo R. Filoco, SPE, Petrobras and Mukul M. Sharma, SPE, University of Texas at Austin
Copyright 1998, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc.
S3clety of PetrolewnEngheers
and K.G. Arthur, Edinburgh
<994 Sode!y o! Pev@uti
Influence of Pore Geometry on
Water-Oil Relative Permeability
J. T. Morgan, SPE-AIME, Marathon Oil Co.
D. T. Gordon, SPE-AIME, Marathon Oil Co.
A curve of laboratory-derived water-oil relative permeability data that appears to be anomalous fr
Prudhoe Bay Gas/Oil Relative Permeability
G.R. Jerauld, SPE, Arco E&P Technology
Prudhoe Bay is a mixed-wet reservoir where about half the oil recovery is attributable to gravity drainage. Gas/oil relative permeability
data show that gravity-drain
Effect of the Spreading Coefficient on Two-Phase Relative Permeability
Y. C. Araujo, M. Araujo, H. Guzmn, and G. Moya, PDVSA Intevep
Copyright 2001, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2001 SPE Int
Field-Wide Variations of Wettability
Gerald Hamon, ELF Exploration Production
Copyright 2000, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2000 SPE Annual Technical Conference and
Exhibition held in Dallas,
Society of Petroleum Engineers
Investigation of the Effect of Temperature and Pressure on Wettability Using
Modified Pendant Drop Method
W. Wang, SPE, and A. Gupta, SPE, U. of Oklahoma
Copyright 1995. Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
Revisiting Ekofisk and Eldfisk Wettability
G. HAMON, SPE, Total
Copyright 2004, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and
Exhibition held in Houston, Texas, U.S.A., 26
Flow Rate Effect on Two-Phase Relative Permeability in Iranian Carbonate Rocks
A.H. Alizadeh, SPE, A.R. Keshavarz, SPE, and M. Haghighi, SPE, U. of Tehran
Copyright 2007, Society of Petroleum Engineers
This paper was prepared for presentation a
Wettability and Relative Permeability of Lower Cretaceous Carbonate Rock Reservoir,
T.M. Okasha, SPE, J.J. Funk, SPE, S.M. Al-Enezi, SPE, Saudi Aramco
Copyright 2003, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared fo
An Environmental-Scanning-ElectronMicroscope Investigation Into the Effect
of Biofilm on the Wettability of Quartz
E. Jacqueline Polson and James O. Buckman, Heriot-Watt University; David Bowen, Core Laboratories;
Adrian C. Todd, Heriot-Watt University; a
The Effect of Wettability on Oil Recovery: A Review
Chinedu Agbalaka, SPE, Oklahoma University; Abhijit Y. Dandekar, SPE, Shirish L. Patil, SPE, Santanu
Khataniar, SPE, University of Alaska Fairbanks; and James R. Hemsath, Alaska Energy Authori
Effect of Dolomitization on Relative Permeability and Its Interpretation by Network
Takao Namba, SPE, Masatoshi Ishibashi, and Hiraki Tanaka, SPE, Japan National Oil Corporation
Copyright 1998. Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
Society of Petroleum Engineers
The Effect of Wettability on Two-Phase Flow
A.L. Calvo, R.H. Chertcoff, M.A. Cachile and M. Rosen, Universidad de Buenos Aires, and N.H. Cena, YPF
Copyright 1994. Society of Petrole'Jm Engif1eerS, jne:
Wettability and Relative Permeability
of Prudhoe Bay:
A Case Study in MixedWet Reservoirs
G.R. Jerauld, SPE, and J.J. Rathmell, SPE, Arco E&P Technology
This paper describes the variation in wettability and relative permeability at Prudhoe Bay. We
The Effect of Reservoir Conditions and Wettability on
E. Sondenaa, U. of Bergen; F. Bratteli and H.P. Normann, Geco-Prakla Petroleum
Laboratory; and K. Kollveit, U. of Bergen
Copyright 1991, Society of Petr
Effect of Capillary Number
and Its Constituents on Two-Phase
Relative Permeability Curves
R.A. Fulcher Jr., SPE, ARCO Oil and Gas Co.
Turgay Ertekin, SPE, Pennsylvania State U.
C.D. Stahl, SPE, Pennsylvania State U.
One primary goal of any enhance
Nettability Literature SurveyPart 3:
The Effects d Nettability on the
Electrical Properties of Porous Media
WMiam G. Andarson, SPE, Conoco Inc
Summary. This paper examines the effects of wettabflity on the Archie saturation exponent and the formati
Effect of Wettability Alteration on
Water/Oil Relative Permeability,
Dispersion, and Flowable Saturation
in Porous Media
F.H.L. Wang, SPE, Exxon Production Research Co.
Summary. Wettability alteration was shown to affect strongly water/oil two-phase flow
soc.ietgof PatrdetKn n@eere
The Effect of CWerhrden Pressure on Relative Permeability
by HS. Ali, M.A. A1-Marhoun, S.A. Abu-Khamsin, and M.S. Celik, U. of Petroleum & Minerals
1987. SocmIy of Pelroleum
Thm paper was preps
Wettability Literatu,re SurveyPart 2: Wettability Measurement
William G. Anderson, SPE, Conoco Inc.
Summary. Many methods have been used to measure wettability. This paper describes the three quantitative
methods in use today: contact angle, Amott method,
Wettability Literature SurveyPart 4: Effects of Wettability
on Capillary Pressure
Anderson, * SPE, Conoco Inc.
Summary. The capillary-pressure/saturation relationship depends on the interaction of wettability, pore
structure, initial saturation, and
Society of Petroleum Engineers
Relative Permeability for Intermediate Wettability Reservoirs
by J. Heaviside, * C.E. Brown, * and I.JA Gamble, British Petroleum Research Centre
Copyright 1987, Society of Petroleum Engineers
Wettability of Reservoir Core Samples
.J.M. Fleureau, Ecole Cel)trale de Paris
Summary. This paper presents a method for assessing the preferential affinity of reservoir rocks on the basis of measured contact
angles combined with imbibition tests from the
WeHability Literature SurveyPart 5: The Effects of Wettability
on Relative Permeability
William G. Anderson, * SPE, Conoco Inc.
Summary. The wettability of a core will strongly affect its waterflood behavior and relative permeability. Wettability affects
Wettability Determination: Pore Surface Analysis
A.G. Mitchell, * L.B. Hazell, and K.J. Webb, British Petroleum
Copyright 1990, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared for presentation at the 65th Annual Tec
Relative Permeabilities at Simulated
Erie C. Donaldson, SPE, U. of Oklahoma
Faruk Clvan, SPE, U. of Oklahoma
M. Waql UI Alam, * SPE, U. of Oklahoma
Summary. Relative permeability was determined at conditions from ambient to those simu
WeHabilily Literature Survey-Part 6: The
Effects of Wettability on Waterflooding
w.o. Anderson, *
SPE, Conoco Inc.
Summary. The wettability of a core will strongly affect its waterflood behavior and relative permeability because wettability is a
Influence of Wettability and Saturation Sequence on
Relative Permeability Hysteresis in Unconsolidated Porous
J.-Z. Wei, NOrwegian Inst. Technology; O.B. Lile,
NOrwegian Inst. Technology
SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS
Based on conservation of mass, accumulation of mass = mass in mass out
Gas cap expansion:
initial condition of gas cap = G*Bgi, after production = (G - Gpc)*Bg, so difference in volume = after
initial, where Gpc is the produced ga
For Darcys law, assumptions are:
Reynolds number lesser than 1, viscous force governs the flow (density does not impact the flow)
In a system of mixed hydrocarbon, will have dewpoint curve(max point of vapor, and after that the
first drop of liquid
Rock properties include porosity, permeability, compressibility
Rock + fluid properties include capillary pressure, relative permeability, wettability
Q = k*A*(density*g*sin(theta) + (deltaP/L)/u density*g*sin(theta) = pressure gradient due to
Find Bg at p = 1400 psia
At P = 1500psia, Relative gas volume at reservoir = 0.0687, relative gas volume = 6.2333, B g =
0.0687rb/6.2333rb * 1rb/5.615scf = 0.00196rb/scf
At P = 1200psia, Bg = 0.0923rb/6.5895rb * 1rb/5.615scf = 0.0025rb/scf
Scf = st
Permeability = a measure of ease of fluid flow through a porous medium
Q = k * A * deltaP / (u * L) darcys law
Viscosity = a measure of fluids resistance to flow
T = u (du/dy), where T is shear stress, u is fluid viscosity, du/dy is velocit