Anatomy, Physiology and
Physiological Adaptation of
Special Senses: Eyes and
Abdel-rahman Ahmed Sharf-Aldin | Biology
The Human Eye
A. Anatomy: Structure and Function
The function of the human eye is to enable vision by converting electroma
Reading: Please see the weekly lecture information on the course web site for all reading
1. CalculatethepressureinPaandmmHgequaltoapressureof35cmH 20.
Q find the force in the bicep and reaction force in a joint for a load of 15 kg, given forearms weight of 75
Draw a free body diagram
Lever systems : first, second and third classes.
1) Energy, Heat, Work
Thermodynamics: the science of transformation and utilization.
Energy: the capacity to do work.
Work: a form of energy transferred across the boundary of a system.
Types of work
Mechanical: W= Fd
Gravitational: W= m
1. An Example of General Engineering Analysis Procedure
A mass of 10 kg hangs from a cable, calculate the tension in the table.
G= 9.8 m/s^2
Cable is taut (static)
System is in Equilibrium
Cable is of neglig
Solve problem 4.4 in intro to engineering analysis.
Collinear: means all forces have the same line of action.
Coplanar: lines of actions of all forces are in the same plane.
Concurrent: the lines of actions of all forces pass throu
Biomechanics: the application of classical mechanics on living systems.
Mechanics: study of the effects of forces on bodies. Study includes;
Statics; at rest or equilibrium.
Dynamics; in motion but not at equilibrium.
Q. A 200 kg mass hangs in equilibrium as shown. Find the tension in cable AB and AC.
- First draw a free body diagram with everything you know.
Neglect weight of cables
Instructor: Mark Buckley
Problem Set 3
Due 10/4/2016 in class
RECITATION PROBLEM: Consider a network foam model with:
horizontal rectangular struts (i.e., rectangular struts running along the x
direction) that have thickness t along
Poles, Zeros and System Response
Evaluating response using poles
First order systems
Second order systems: Introduction
The General Second-Order System
The natural frequency of a
second-order system is the
frequency of oscillation
Reduction of Multiple Subsystems
Reduction of Multiple Subsystems: Feedback form
Moving blocks to create familiar forms
Moving blocks past a pickoff point
Moving blocks past a summing junction
Block diagram reduction: Some examp
Steady-state error is the difference between the input and
the output for a prescribed test input as t infinity
Unstable systems represent loss of control in the
steady state and are not acceptable for use. The
expressions we derive to
Stability is the most important system specification.
If a system is unstable, its transient response and
steady-state errors are moot points. An unstable
system cannot be designed for a specific transient
response or steady-state error requirem
Rule 5: Behavior at infinity
Let's start with the factored form of the loop gain, and multiply it out:
Aside: Approximation of polynomial as |s|
I have only written out the two highest order terms of the polynomial. If the second term in the
Root Locus Techniques
The Control System Problem
Defining the Root Locus
Properties of the Root Locus
Sketching the Root Locus
Starting and ending points: The root locus begins at the finite and infinite poles of G(s)H(s)
and ends at the finite and inf
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Null hyroHleSIE Ho : , =/U;, where jihad/1,4,; we -/-/re Pow/aim mean
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In order to bring out time index, I have made departure from the textbook in terms of the notations.
For example, kj now stands for 2nd slope of j th time index, instead of k2 from the textbook (e.g.,
Textbook page 436, 437, etc.) For coupled ODE,
Print your name:
BME 221 Biomedical Computation and Statistics
Midterm Exam 1
February 19, 2014
Show formulas and steps for all your answers clearly.
Use back sides of these pages if needed.
Do NOT truncate or round off the digits too early during your
Homework #1 Solution for BME 221, Spring 2016
1. Descriptive Statistics
% It is a good practice to clear previously defined variables and close figures.
clear all; close all;
% LOAD data
Height = load(BME221ClassHeight011316.csv);
% 1(a) Histograms
1. Find the reaction at point C for the two configurations shown assuming the tension in the
cable is 1.5 kN
2. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam assuming the ground reaction is
3. Draw the shear and moment diagrams fo