Bradley R. Jackson
Machiavellis Prince Chapters XV-XIX
In Chapter I of The Prince, Machiavelli set out what seemed to be the order of his
inquiry. He distinguished among various sorts of regimes in that chapt
He is the founder of modern realism
o He emphasizes the actually ways for a Prince to gain the most power
He doesnt sugar coat it.
He is trying to make us forget what Aquinas taught us, and teach how things
actually are and what you actually need to do
When he talks about virtue he is not talking about moral virtue but virtue that allows
to take and maintain power.
The more virtue you have the less luck you need.
A virtuous person only needs fortune in the way that it is an opportunity that the
Machiavelli says that obligations are not good and they can screw you as they did
o He says Louie doesnt understand politics, because he does not realize
that in politics obligations mean jack shit.
o This is what the Romans did not get wrong
When Castro took over Cuba he created a new principality
In this book he focuses on Principalities
Hereditary Principalities are easier to maintain than new ones.
o This is because of the power of custom
o IF your family can rule for a whole lifetime, t
He is writing this before the separation of Church and State and also from a very
He grew up in Florence, Italy at the height of the Renaissance
The Protestant reformation (Martin Luther Nailing shit to doors) was also
The Love of Wisdom
Said the world was flat and that a river circled it
Said the God Chaos and Earth created life.
No One knew this to be true but they knew they were stories.
Philosophers wanted to find out the truth of the worl
Marx praises Bourgeoisie for tremendous revolutionary changes but
damning it at the same time for these changes that arent entirely
good for us
o The Bourgeoisie make the middle ages look lazy
E.g. Pyramids compared to modern New York city: makes
The modern bourgeoisie is itself the spark of a series of
Has an effect on the social/political environment
Page 475: Each step in the development in the bourgeoisie was
accompanied with a po
o There is no Proletariat unless there is already a Bourgeoisie
Revolution of 1848/49 in Germany: Marks and Engels both played a part in this failed
o Marks was forced to Flee to England when this revolution failed
Manifesto Communist Part
o Its true; the people of Russia arent ready to rule themselves, because
they havent been part of capitalism. For this reason they are not ready
to be communists.
o Bolsheviks said they would do this in such a way to not oppress the
Proletariats (have cap
o Section 220: It makes rational sense to stop a tyrant before he gains
enough power to hurt you.
o It is better to suffer and live than struggle and die
o Dissolution of government vs dissolution of society section 211
A society dissolves when the peop
Who is the soverign? They are the entity that decides.
Schmidt defines humanity as groups of people not so much as individuals
As Hobbes thinks war is war of all against all while Schmidt thinks of it as
community against community
It should be a limited government that should only protect freedoms. According to
Locke. But because of democracy it eventually becomes a nanny state.
o The democracy half of liberal democracy becomes so big that it eventually
swallows the liberal part a
Marx says that we are in a relationship with everyone in the world.
But this relationship is mainly through commodities and the people that made the
Look up commodity fetishism
Marx is a left wing critic of liberal democracy