Chronometric Dating: The Kurgans of Nalevo
You have been hired as a research assistant for an archaeological excavation crew who are interested in
the archaeological history of a particular area of South-East Russia, not far from the Caspian sea, known
16. [12 pts] Supply the missing reagents needed to complete the following
synthetic transformations. Indicate only one step per box, and assume
aqueous work up where required. Should you need more than one step,
three boxes are provided.
117. Most amphibians breathe air by means of
A. thin skin only.
B. gills and swim bladders.
C. gills and thin skin.
D. lungs only.
E. lungs and thin skin.
Use this diagram of a cross section of a sponge to answer the next two questions (2 pts
c) This problem is very similar to problem 5 of HW2. Please refer to that solution for detailed explanation.
SELECT p.pid, p.pname, count(tx.cid) AS sales
FROM product p LEFT OUTER JOIN transaction tx ON tx.pid = p.pid
GROUP BY p.mfr, p.pid, p.pname
(b, 7.5 pts.) For those products with a price tag of at least $10, print the id, name and price of the most
popular product(s) in their exact price group. That is, the id, name and price of the most popular
products(s) among all $10 products; the id, name
vi y re
35)List the three energy systems employed by the body to produce ATP.
36)State how much ATP and PCr can be stored in the body.
37)State how long stores of ATP can supply exercise of all ou
2. Prove that the following function is correct, according to its pre- and postconditions. (Note that a complete
proof would require a proof of termination, but we wont be covering that in this tutorial.)
# Pre: A is a list of integers
# Post: R
vi y re
Chemistry 14D Lecture 1
Final Exam Part A Solutions
Initial protonation occurs at the PhC=O because t
Midterm 1 BIS 2C Dehesh and Keen Fall 2013
Explanation of thought processes
1. Put your name at the top of the page. We tear the pages off to read them!
2. If you think that a question is ambiguous or confusing, ind
6. Organisms with photosystem II also produce enzymes that are antioxidants
7. In prokaryotes transcription and translation occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell
8. All microbes are considered open and non-equilibrium syste
[5 pts] Order the following in increasing order of acidity. HI, Acetic Acid,
Ethanol and Octane.
[6 pts] Give the rate equation for an SN2 reaction occurring between NaNH2
and a primary alkyl halide, R
78. To which phylum do the brittle stars belong?
79. Which phylum is characterized by the evolution of large body size?
[9 pts] Draw the three formal resonance structures of the carbonate ion
[10 pts] Label the circled groups with the numbers that correspond to the
following: SEE ANSWER KEY IN ACTUAL QUESTION!
1 = St
I D S 3 5 5 F IN A LE X A M
S p r i n g2 0 0 5
l f e ffe ci i ve p a crty 4 @u nitsper day, fl ocof^n r I u d p d u r L y ,^ AA ,^;+^
t5 ou uiltt5
- .^,+r ,
a n d a ctu a l p a crtys 1 0 u nitsper day;wh a t rs t h " g _ f f i. i. * y 2
4 B T he stru ctu raa p p ro a ch r ntegr atr ng
custom er equtr ements ever y
a s p e cto f p ro d u ct e ve l o pm ent knownas
' , r .
a T o ta lq u a l rty nagement t" r ,;!" ?v/i' ; '
b C u sto me rsa ti sfaction
c. Qu a l i
.1 0 the A -B -C inventoryclassrf rc a t ros y s t e m, t t e ms wh rc h a c c o u n tf o t -6 0 -2 Q 1 .
dollar value of the rnv e n t o ryf o r a ma lo rrt y f t h e in v e n t o rylt e ms u / c rul d
o f total
b e c l a ssi fi e d s
- 61 A i t
13. [35 pts] Fill in structures in the large boxes provided for each reaction.
Indicate reaction mechanism (SN2, E2, SN1, or E1) and stereochemistry (with
an X) in the small boxes where asked.
27. Which is NOT true of proton motive force
A. Is used in fermentation
B. Is used in photophosphorylation
C. Used to generate ATP
D. Generates an electrochemical gradient across membranes
E. None of the above.All are true.
28. Which of the following is n
104. Which of the following is not a trait that you could use to identify an animal as a
B. Mammary glands
D. Sweat glands
105. In several important ways, deuterostome and protostome evolution are similar. Which
of the following
Chemistry 14D Lecture 1
Final Exam Part B
32. (10) By this point in Chem 14D you should begin to be able to write mechanisms for some reactions that you
have not seen before. Here is the Koch-Haaf reaction, a reaction that you (probably)
Here, we can calculate the total returns on the stock using the formula for a
perpetuity. Since the return each year will be $12.3 million, expected to last forever,
applying the formula gives:
NPV = PDV of Benefits PDV of Costs
174 THE UNSCENTED KALMAN FILTER
where at}? is deﬁned in Equation (14.62). Note that P$ as deﬁned above is positive
deﬁnite. \Nith yk = 33; we see from Equations (14.63)-(14.67) that
P“. : Pz
Pg, : Pz-l—R
K1. : Pm(PI+R)‘1
Since both PI and R are positive d
164 NONLINEAR KALMAN FlLTERING
0 Select the variances or,- of the Gaussian pdfs to all be the same and to minimize
the RMS difference between U (—1, 1) and a,N(,u,-, of) over the range
The above approach reduces the approximation problem to a one
166 NONLINEAR KALMAN FILTERING
where me and 6; are the vehicle’s north and east coordinates at time step k, T
is the time step of the system, wk is the zero-mean process noise, and U}; is the
zero-mean measurement noise. Suppose that the time step T : 0.1
170 THE UNSCENTED KALMAN FILTER
The ﬁrst-order approximation to g is
31 = m)
The second—order approximation to y is
52 = h(e}+—E(D§h)
14.2 Suppose the RV :1: is uniformly distributed on [—
NONLINEAR KALMAN FILTERING
M Simple filter
- - - Kalman filter
Figure 13.1 Solution to Problem 13.15
where r is the distance of the satellite from the center of the earth. 6’ is the angular
position of the
172 THE UNSCENTED KALMAN FlLTER
1] was obtained in Problem 14.2 as
g : (wen/2
We can obtain P : £1592) : 1/3. Then we obtain
5:11} = «/1/3
a?) = 4%
Then we obtain the sigma points as”) : :E + if“) as
33(1) : 1/3
aEm) : _\/1/—3