Lecture 4 Notes: Republicans vs. Federalists
Jeffersonian Republicans v. Hamiltonian Federalists, with Madison in the Pivot
I. Background Themes
1. Central question of the period: how strong (and big) the national government
should be; relationship betwee
Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. It stated the reasons why the
colonies sought independence from Britain. The declaration opened with a preamble;
which described why the colonies overthrew their ruler and had decided to become a
Article I: Article One gave the power of making laws to congress. It also stated that
congress would consist of two houses. It also limited the terms for each house, and the
president of the United States of America. It had specific rules for t
Lecture 1 Notes: Interpreting Political Thought
Is there an American creed?
- This is a contentious point; Huntington says yes, but many others argue
- Accepts Tocquevillian idea that Americans are born equal.
- American lacks a feu
Lecture 2 Notes: Revolutionary America
- Individual rights/liberties violated by English Empire; thought to be
guaranteed by English Constitution;
- Violations include: new taxes, stamps, quartering of British troops (with
Lecture 5 Notes: Individualism
Emerson and Thoreau
- Not typically thought of as political writers.
- Their writings raise interesting questions about the relationship between
democracy and individual freedom and character.
o Does democracy
Lecture 3 Notes: Constitution Debates
Debating the Constitution
Federalist Papers were a response to a series of Anti-Federalists papers; published in
New York newspapers.
2 Main issues divided the delegates at the Constitutional Convention
- popular so
Lecture 6 Notes: Nativism
Racism, Nativism, and Sexism in Antebellum America
Student presentations on readings:
Nott and Gliddon, Types of Mankind
- Pseudo-scientific approach to understanding racial differences
- Classifies mankind into 3 groups: Caucas
Lecture 8 Notes: Politics of Time
The New Inegalitarians, or the Descent of Man
- Mark Twain called it the Gilded Age.
- Shift from a country of small farmers to large corporations and masses of
- Characterized by a strengthened fait
Lecture 9 Notes: The Progressive Era
The Death of Freedom?
Progressive Era, 1898-1912
- Who were the Progressives, and what did they stand for?
o Centrists progressives: T. Roosevelt, Croly, Wilson, Booker T.
o Left progressives: Dewey, Addams
Lecture 10 Notes: Politics of Difference
The Politics of Inclusion and the Politics of Difference
Different ways of understanding relationship between freedom and equality
Freedom opposed to equality (libertarian view)
- Role for government in assuring b
Lecture 7 Notes: New Birth of Freedom
A New Birth of Freedom?
3 themes pervade Lincoln readings:
1. Lincoln was intellectually honest; curious; pragmatic.
2. Tension between reason and passion.
3. Tension between continuity and change.
General points re