Lecture 1 Notes: Course Introduction
About the encounter between Europeans and native peoples of America.
Not just initial meeting or conquest but over hundreds of years.
Clash of peoples and cultures. Partly physical: military, politica
Lecture 4 Notes: Indian Exploitation
Foundations of Economy
Spanish empire huge, lasted more than 300 years, went through many changes
So no generalizations could cover all variation.
Slow communications; rigid rules, often ignored; layers of bureaucracy.
Lecture 6 Notes: Spanish Influence
One of distinguishing features of Spanish conquest was emphasis on Christianizing
Indians. Not true of many empires: didn't care or tolerated other religions.
Primarily job of mendicant (begging) orders, took vow of pove
Lecture 5 Notes: The Columbian Exchange
For each crop, animal species, weed, or illness, one has to consider: How did it spread?
with or without human help? What was its specific value or contribution or impact? by
itself? in combination with others? How
Lecture 2 Notes: The Spanish Conquest
As previously noted, I will cover some material in lectures that is not in the readings.
Students are responsible for class material.
There is a tremendous literature on the initial conquest of the Americas, we can on
Lecture 3 Notes: Las Casas
Bartolom de las Casas was most famous defender of the Indians.
Challenges to historical understanding: to truly grasp his point of view and his rhetoric; to
get past layers of myth and hagiography; to try to understand his true
Lecture 10 Notes: War and Captivity
Guns and war
New England colonies full record. Different aspects much studied.
With Indians, much on war, captivity.
Settler colonies like New England worldwide have bad record of harming native
They are le
Lecture 8 Notes: The Fur Trade
First exploration and contact
First crossing of Atlantic and contact much more unofficial for North America than with
Often alleged that Viking, Welsh, Irish, Phoenician, Egyptians etc. early-on crossed to
Lecture 9 Notes: Jesuit Relations
What seem to have been the goals of publishing the Relations? How might the goals
have shaped, even distorted what wrote?
How are the Relations structured? What are the characteristic events? What are the high
Lecture 7 Notes: Resistance and Rebellion
At initial conquest, resistance variable: Maya held out longer than Aztec, famous Inca
state held out at margins of Peru 1536-72. Other regions only partially subdued or not
at all. But in core areas, thought for