Lecture Notes 2: Attitudes
Objective 5: Explain how the foot-in-the-door phenomenon, role-playing, and cognitive
dissonance illustrate the influence of actions on attitudes.
Foot-in-the-door phenomenon the tendency for people who agree with a small action
Lecture Notes 5: Interaction
Objective 11: Discuss how group interaction can facilitate group polarization and groupthink.
Group polarization the enhancement of a groups prevailing inclinations through
discussion within the group.
Group polarization helps
Lecture Notes 4: Study of Social Influence
Objective 9: Explain how the conformity and obedience studies can help us understand our
susceptibility to social influence.
In Aschs experiment randomly chosen ordinary people when in a group conformed to
Lecture Notes 3: Social Influence
Objective 7: Discuss Aschs experiments on conformity, and distinguish between normative and
informational social influence.
Conformity adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard.
Solomon Asch c
Lecture Notes 7: Socially Scapegoating
Objective 16: Explain how scapegoating illustrates the emotional component of prejudice.
Scapegoat a person to blame for the troubling event
Scapegoat theory the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by pr
Lecture Notes 8: Biological Influence
Objective 19: Describe three levels of biological influence on aggression.
Genetic influences gene influence human aggression. Twin studies has one if one is
having a violent temper, the other twin will admit the same
Lecture Notes 11: Altruism
Objective 25: Define altruism, and give an example.
Altruism unselfish regard for the welfare of others. Such as helping victims of a natural
disaster, giving blood, or donating to local food pantries with no expectation of pers
Lecture Notes 10: Physical Appearances
Objective 23: Describe the influence of proximity, physical attractiveness, and similarly on
Proximity geographic nearness promotes attraction
Mere exposure effect the phenomenon that repeat
Lecture Note 9: Influences upon Attitudes and Behavior
Objective 21: Discuss the effects of violent video games on social attitudes and behavior.
Violent video games can increase aggressive thoughts and aggression.
Violent video games can heighten aggress
Lecture Notes 6: Forms of Social Hatred
Objective 14: Contrast overt and subtle forms of prejudice, and give examples of each.
Overt prejudice is discrimination that explicitly (openly and consciously) expresses
negative beliefs and emotions such as denyi