Traditional Ontological Argument
1. The concept of God
We're talking about the god of classical western monotheism-the concept common to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, theologically refined. This is the OOO creator god. Call this god `God'. G
To some extent Kant was responding to a protoutilitarian, David Hume (1711-1776).
Hume said that morality was fundamentally
grounded in our desires and feelings for one
anothers well-being. Hume: Would any man, who
is walking along, tread
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Today, 4:45 - 5:45, HH 332.
Act only according to that maxim whereby you can,
at the same time, will that it should become a
Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether
in your own
Reminder: Due March 12.
I have extra office hours today 4:30 to 6:30, HH 332.
Rawls refined this idea into what he called reasoning
from the original position behind a veil of
The idea is that everyone must decide whic
and state neutrality
What is liberalism?
This might be called the Fundamental Liberal
Principle (Gaus, 1996: 162-166): freedom is
normatively basic, and so the onus of justification is
on those who would limit freedom, especially
Is it possible for people to be oppressed and
coerced even in a context that respects their
freedom to make individual choices as they see fit?
The matter raises deep questions about the nature
of autonomy in society that structures
Determinism: all events, including human action,
are determined by causes external to the will, such
as the laws governing physical matter.
On the face of it, determinism seems incompatible
with freedom or free will of persons. Note: if t
Free will: the
The classic problem of liberty and necessity is that if
humans are part of a deterministic universe
(necessity), then humans seem not to be free
(liberty). But we feel as if we have free will. Also, if
we are not free, how can we b
Idea you know your opinion and why you believe that
Condemnation- telling someone action is wrong
Deontology- reason can be GOOD or BAD goodwill only thing good in itself
Hypothetical Imperative- certain situati
Environmental Ethics from the Roots UP!
Argument- always has a conclusion (what is supported),
all other sentences are premises
*most basic communication not enough to just have a claim! Need exchange ideas
Arguments go wrong
ESSAY GRADING CRITERIA
How well did you
How well did you
Is your position
distinct? Is it
Is your argument
persuasive? Is it
Distributive justice concerns the proper allocation of
the burdens and benefits of economic activity.
There is no neutral distribution. Contested
questions include the nature of property rights, the
implications of equality, how to ev
Two forms of
SQ4. What is the difference between "extreme" and
"restricted" utilitarianism? Which does Smart take
Mill to be?
Smart: For an extreme utilitarian moral rules are
rules of thumb. (p. 346)
The restricted utilitarian regards mora
Newcomb's puzzle - Arguments
1. Payoff chart
Remember these are the payoffs:
4. Another argument for two-boxing
Imagine the following change to the setup. The person you trust most in the world sits on the table's other side. Call this person `
1. A game
An eccentric billionaire (`Billionaire') asks you to play a strange game. You agree. Here's the setup. You sit down in a nondescript room at a table with two boxes on it. One box is transparent (`Clear Box') and the o
Introduction to Philosophy
COURSE AND CONTACT INFORMATION Course: Phil 100 Intro to Philosophy Semester: Fall 2010 Time: Th 79:50pm Place: HH 1101 Prerequisites: None Antirequisites: None Instructor: John Turri Office: 333 Hagey Hall Office hours: W 11am1
Short primer on arguments
This course studies a lot of interesting and influential arguments about interesting and important topics. In the sense relevant to our course, an argument is not a testy exchange. Rather, an argument is an
An Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge
September 8, 2016
Chapter 1: Notes
What is Philosophy:
There are many misconceptions that often come with people who are new to philosophy,
and although everyone has heard of philosophy only a few peopl
Test 1 Summary:
Utilitarianism tries to bring about the idea that morality is to bring about what is good,
and in reference to this term, for the greater good
Jeremy Bentham though that the best way to treat everyone equally is to make the
Justification of the
. . . each person, so far as he believes it to be
attainable, desires his own happiness.
Mill: This, however, being a fact, we have not only
all the proof which the case admits of, but all which it
is possible t
Womens Labor a
A commercial surrogate mother is anyone who is
paid money to bear a child for other people and
terminate her parental rights, so that the others may
raise the child as exclusively their own.
This article offers a the
Special office hours
Today, 4:30 - 5:30, HH 332.
Kant, unlike Mill, says the motive of an act is crucial;
an act has no moral worth unless done out of duty.
Kant does not focus on consequences but rather the
nature of th
The question: if an infant is born with disabilities,
should the parents be allowed to choose for it to
We can distinguish passive euthanasia in which
the infant is allowed to die by the withholding of
treatment and active euthanasia in which
PHIL 226 Biomedical Ethics
Buchanan and Brock, Deciding for Others
The main question: If a patients treatment choice goes against the physicians recommendation, should
it be respected? If so, when and why?
A person should be cons