Psych 211: Developmental Psychology
Course Location :
Arts Lecture Hall 116
4:30 to 5:50pm
Mathieu Le Corre
Email all course faculty on ACE. If you nee
Mental rotation and things we can hold
Navigation around space
Important for finding food, shelter and mates, and avoiding danger.
Egocentric (meaning viewer referenced, not in Piagets sense)
Egocentric representation = r
Problem with prototype theory:
Typicality effects apply even when they shouldnt: e.g. odd number, typically people judge 3 as a
more typical odd number than 7, which is more typical than 447.
Transformations and Discoveries
According to prototype theory,
When do babies start to understand physics? Would they be surprised if someone walked through a
Piaget claimed origin at 8 months. He claims that the babies doesnt know the object still
exists after its covered up.
Amount of variation in a trait not attributable to inheritance.
Shared Environmental effects:
(from sharing the same family even if adopted)
e.g., SES, education level of parents, etc.
- Interesting fact: siblings are often more ali
Development moves forward through three processes:
1. Assimilation - translate incoming information into form they already understand.
For example, the kid has a dog in the family, and knows what a dog is. When the child sees a
pig, for ex
Piagets Weaknesses and Criticisms:
1. Over-estimates consistency.
- Stages dont appear this consistently.
= Children often exhibit some characteristics of a stage but not others.
- eg. Conservation of number (passed at 5-6) is apparently easier than conse
Brain Development: Neurogenesis and Neuron Development
Most neurons created before birth
At destination: cell growth and differentiation
The brain is not always developing the same way at the same t
Superordinate: ex) animals, fruit
Basic: ex) dogs, cats, cows; apple, peach, grapes
Subordinate: ex) german shepherds, poodles; granny smith, red delicious
*more general more superordinate levels, more specific more
Chapter 8 Social Contact & Cognition (face perception), Animacy
Perception, Theory of Mind
Conceptions of Self
Mirror self-recognition task children passing from 18 months (often later) are usually
able to recognize themselves in the mirror. This
Nature, Nurture, and Development Chapter 4
Behavioural Genetics What are the effects of genetic and environmental factors on human
behaviour and development?
The field of behavioural genetics makes the claim that all behavioural traits (including
Chapter 7 Physics, Space, Biology, Number
Object permanence Piaget claimed origin at 8 months (contradicted by the violation of
Turning the lights off experiment infants know that objects are still there even when
they cannot s
Chapter 6 - Concepts, categories, and essences.
When we perceive things, we categorize them
e.g. When you look around the room, you see things that are different colours. Our brain
classifies each colour into a category, even though
Techniques used in genetic studies:
- Look at some traits (e.g. smart, sociable, aggression, psychotic, height)
- Family study:
- look at correlation between:
- individual and close relatives
- individual and more distant relatives
- Social context of development
- Cultural tools (e.g. artifacts, symbol systems)
Psychological Processes have SOCIAL origins.
e.g. Thinking develops in these stages:
1. Other peoples speech
- When you are two y
Learned first (or child-basic).
Used most & most easily. Usually learned first by kids.
Why? Shared features with category members.
More general categories. E.g. Dogs are more superordinate than
Chapter 8 (part two)
To understand jokes, you need to think about what the characters know, think, and believe.
Beliefs are especially interesting because they are representational Oris representation of
the world could be that he thinks there is
Perceptual Development Chapter 5
Nave realism the view that your senses deliver to you the world as it really is. This means
that when you look at something, you are directly perceiving reality as it really is and you are not
missing anything. Thi
Chapter 12 Moral Development
Piaget a stage theory said that:
1. Initially children think that moral rules are things given by authorities and whatever the
authority says is right and they do not question it.
2. Punishment is deserved.
3. If you
Chapter 8: Cognitive
PSYCH 211 Developmental Psychology
is cognitive development?
Piagets theory and stages of
Challenges to Piagets theory
Vygotskys sociocultural pers
Research Papers for Exam
Paper #1: Can White Children Group Up to Be Black? Childrens Reasoning About the Stability of Emotion and
Race Roberts, Gelman
o Recent research questions whether children conceptualize race as stable
o Examined beliefs
to contact me or Tas if
you require clarification or want
input on your assignment.
Due July 25, 2016 (final day of
Sex Differences and
sex and gender
Television, Computers, Schools,
Assignment #1 Parenting Magazine Article due
Hard-copy AND electronic submission to LEARN dropbox
by 11:20am this morning (end of class)
Moral Development and
PSYCH 211 Developmental Psychology
The development of aggression
How do we define morality?
Set of principles and ideals that helps an
June 22, 2016
Heather Henderson, Ph.D.
Goals for today
Thomas and Chess Model
Example: Behavioural Inhibition