o Analytical behaviorism (logical behaviorism(?)
view that sentences about mentality can be translated without loss into sentences
o Ontological behaviorism ()
mental states just are behavior, or dispositions to behavior
Artificial signs: Those sign which have no meaning except for "what is affixed to them by compact or
agreement among those who use them". The english word ;star; is an example of an artificial sign.
Natural signs: those signs which, prior to any "compact
Reductionists: A person's excisence just consists in the existence of a body and the occurrence of
thoughts, experiences and other mental and physical events. They claim persons are just bodies.
^ hyper reductionist view.
Varieties of dualism: ontology
Predicate dualism: Predicate dualism is the theory that psychological or mentalistic predicates are (a) essential for
a full description of the world and (b) are not reducible to physicalistic predicates.
Functionalism: mental states are functional states?
doesn't deny substance dualism(Cartesian) but none are really dualists.
Frank jackson - epiphenomenal qualia
o all facts including mental facts are physical facts
o argument: if mary learns a new fact up
Personal Identity and Persisting as Many
Identity as an empirical issue: Social species
o Animas need ways to identify and re-identify individuals, others, and groups. (kin, neighbor,
o Perceptual identification