3
Calculations and Computers
Chapter Overview
To become knowledgeable practitioners of social statistics, you will have to both understand the ideas behind quantitative analysis (knowing) and master the application of statistical procedures (doing).
Our p

1
The Locations and Limits
of Quantitative Analysis
Chapter Overview
This chapter marks the beginning of your journey towards understanding social statistics. We start
by sketching, in broad strokes, a framework for thinking about human understanding in g

2
The Logic of Social Statistics
Chapter Overview
Research begins with two questions. The first is the question the social scientist sets out to answer
with her research. The second is the question of which statistical tools are best suited to the task. W

Ansswerss to SPSS
S
Prac
ctice
e
Questio
ons
Chap
pter 6
1. Variaance and stan
ndard deviatio
on for Age vaariable
Statistics
Age: Reespondent ag
ge
N
Valid
1228
Missin
ng
17
20.17
3.564
12.700
1
Mean
Std. Devviation
Variancee
Minimum
m
17
Maximum
45
2. V

6
Measures of Dispersion
In the last chapter, you learned that single variables have two featuresmeasures of central tendency and dispersionwhich may be used for descriptive purposes. This chapter explores the second
of those two features. Measures of dis

7
Charts and Graphs
You should now understand how to organize univariate statistics in frequency distributions and how
to summarize them with measures of central tendency and dispersion. Take a moment to appreciate
your command of univariate statistics, a

Ansswerss to SPSS
S
Prac
ctice
e
Questio
ons
Chap
pter 7
Shape of distributionss for variablees Q16A, Q14C, Q22, andd Age:
Understanding Social Statistics: A Student's G
Guide to Nav
vigating the Maze
Oxford
O
Univerrsity Press Ca
anada, 2015
1. Age vari

4
Introducing Univariate Analysis
Chapter Overview
Congratulations! You have reached Part II and are ready to learn about your first statistical
tool: frequency distributions. Frequency distributions neatly summarize data pertaining to single variables. S

8
The Normal Curve
This chapter marks the end of the univariate statistics section of the statistical maze. This section has
equipped you with ways to organize univariate data, calculate measures of central tendency and dispersion, and describe and depict

Ansswerss to SPSS
S
Prac
ctice
e
Questio
ons
Chap
pter 4
1. Missin
ng values sett to 9 for Q20C
Q20C. I do not thin
nk social insstitutions lik
ke law and ggovernmentt make my li
life better
Freqquency
Valid
Missing
Total
0 Stronggly disagree
1 Moderratel

5
Measures of Central Tendency
Chapter Overview
Single variables can be summarized by measures of central tendency and dispersion. This chapter acquaints you with three measures of central tendency: mode, median, and mean. Measures of central
tendency des

GBDA205 Final Exam:
NON CUMULATIVE
Ch 15:
- Taking additional variables into account
- The importance of context
- Type of relationships
- Authentic
- Spurious
- Intervening
- Interactive
- Causal criteria
- Relationship order
- Zero-order
- First-order
C

Ansswerss to SPSS
S
Prac
ctice
e
Questio
ons
Chap
pter 5
1. Modee, median, an
nd mean valuues for Self-estteem variable (Q17)
Statistics
Q17. Ro
osenberg sellf-esteem sccale
N
Valid
1166
Missin
ng
79
42.71
44.00
45
Mean
Median
Mode
2. Modee, median, an
nd

Answers to SPSS Practice
Questions
Chapter 8
1. The mean and standard deviation values change due to standardization, but the shape of the
distribution as indicated by skewness and kurtosis remains unchanged for the standardized
distribution.
Statistics
Q