Study questions on race and racism
Jorge Garcia, "The Heart of Racism." Journal of Social Philosophy 27.1 (1996): 5- 46.
Q1. In his attempt to define "racism," how does Garcia respond to the potential objection that
Study questions on global poverty
Reading: Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence, and Morality," Philosophy & Public Affairs
Q1. What is the main conclusion Singer draws in his article?
Q2. What does Singer mean in
Study questions on the limits of markets
Elizabeth Anderson, "Is Women's Labor a Commodity?" Philosophy and Public
Affairs (1990), 7192.
Q1. What does Anderson mean in saying on page 72 that "One reason [why might we object
Study questions on selective abortion and disabilities
Marsha Saxton, "A Disability Critique: Why Members of the Disability
Community Oppose Prenatal Diagnosis and Selective Abortion," in Prenatal Testing and
Disability Rights, edited by Erik Par
Study questions on euthanasia
Reading: James Rachels, "Active and Passive Euthanasia," The New England Journal of
Medicine 292.2 (1975), open-source post-print.
Q1. What is the doctrine Rachels is disagreeing with?
Q2. How d
Study questions on sexism and gender oppression
Marylin Frye, "Sexism," in The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory
(Crossing Press, 1983): 17-40.
Q1. What is Frye's first definition of sexism, on page 729? What do
Study questions on environmental ethics
Mark Sagoff, "At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions
Are Not All Economic," Arizona Law Review Vol. 23 (1981), pp. 1283-1298.
Q1. What is the "willingness to pay
Study questions on income inequality
John Rawls, selection from A Theory of Justice (first published 1971), reprinted
in Russ Shafer-Landau, Ethical Theory (Wiley, 2013) 581-591.
Q1. What does Rawls mean in characterizing the
Study questions on abortion
REMINDER: the first test is Oct 6 and there is no class because of Fall Break on Oct 11.
Oct 4: Mary Anne Warren, "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion," The Monist
Q1. How does
PART 1 ( 1 MARK EACH)
Philosophy- love of wisdom
Epistemology- study of knowledge
arete- virtue as excellence
Metaphysics- study of reality
omnibenevolent- all loving or infinitely good
ethics- the study of good/bad or right/wro
Socrates wasn't a slave and was a citizen. he agreed to the social contract in the crito , duty to
the laws because he was able to change them. Duty to the laws- obey or convince obey the
laws or convince them to change them. have enough money you can get
forms of questions philosophy asks:
1. metaphysical - what is the nature of reality? what is truth ?
2. epistemological - study of knowledge- how did we come to know what we know?
3. ethical - study of good and bad or right and wrong
Two kinds of answers
Philos = loving + sophia= wisdom
Literally love of wisdom
what is wisdom?
- Knowledge about universe (pythagoras)
- possession of virtue and power (sophists)
- awareness of ignorance (socrates)
branches of philosophy
metaphysics - study of reality
Tendency to favor evidence / reasons that support what we believe over those that
Bias blind spot:
Tendency to think that others are more biased than we are.
Prudential vs. Ethical Reasons
Prudential:Centredon narrow, indi
Biomedical Ethics 1
Brian Orend, W 2017 term
1) go through syllabus + course plan
2) Q & A in that regard
3) Lecture on Chap 1 content: Core
definitions + Virtue- and Duty-Ethics
Ethics: how you should live your life; how
- we may defend our lives - our activities, the things we do that aren't doing harm to anyone else
- have a right to do these things -> true of large groups/nations, and small groups/individuals
- nations may defend themselves against territoria
- divide environmental issues into 4
- population: resource limitation (is the world going to run out of something that is needed to
- aesthetic questions
- deep ecology
- resource limitation at the global level - does mankind as such
- affirmative action is not inherently unfair/wrong
- consists of giving an advantage to some people, presumably on the ground that in the past, they have
had some sort of disadvantage
- breaks down when you realize that what you're giving advantage to is
- should we obey the law on an occasion when the purpose of the law will not be served by our
obedience of it? -> no
- does the fact that this action is against the law constitute a prima facie reason why we ought to do
what it says, a reason which happen
- our society has considerable legal concern about pornography and a certain amount of other moral
concern in the public mind
- is there adequate reason to consider pornography to be immoral (reading and distribution of it)
- those who think there we ough
- what exactly do the marital partners owe each other?
- quite possible that different partners expect different things from each other
- case of sexual fidelity - marriages typically involve some kind of ongoing intention that
the partners will have sexu
- very much issues on which people involved must decide
- can only say certain things as someone on the outside
- all relate to sex in one way or another
- variety of topics to consider when we talk about sexual relations, the general form of all the ques
- restitution vs. protection
- question: is restitution theory possible and/or practicable to put into actual effect -> inclined
to think that on the whole, answer is no; difficult to decide what someone owes someone else by way of
- is there any reason that the fetus, which is the being being protected by anti-abortion laws, should be
so protected (does it have a claim)
- what concerns us about the possibility of being killed is that we'd be dead, and that would deprive us
of all o
- when do we have the right to kill non-human animals (do they count)?
- animals are superior to humans in many ways and many animals are found to be very fascinating to
humans in one way or another as objects of research or study or as playm
- want to distinguish question of how one ought to divide up a quantity of something among a group of
people from question are there differences of a non-quantitative kind (differences of quality) which are
relevant to differential treatment of people
- people probably discuss population because they're worried about overpopulation, the idea of which is
very vague but is related to reaching the earth's capacity to sustain life for people
- these worries are not actual - the capacity of the earth to sus
Warfare and self-defense
War can be just if it is in self defense
You are morally right to defend what is rightfully yours this includes our right to live, property,
resource, wealth etc. KUNKEL : Killing in private self defence is not ju
15 February 2017
Capital Punishment: Through Hurkas Perspective
The views that many individuals hold on the topic of capital punishment has resulted in a
worldwide debate. Through the usage of murdering an in