Measurements and Calculations Units/Dimensions
English System feet, pounds, F
Chapter 3
we wont use these
Metric System C, K, grams , metres,
litres
Scientific Data -primarily metric -also use SI units (systeme international) eg: joules, K
1
Base Units
110/111
Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
Lecture 9 January 26th, 2015
When the following equation is balanced what
will be the coefficient in front of H2O ?
NH3(g)
+
O2(g)
N2(g)
+
H2O(g)
2
Driving Forces for Chemical Reactions
vWhy does a chemical reaction
PHIL 110
3/26/2014
Existential Generalization
-If we know, of some particular individual, that he has some property, then it follows that it is
true that: someone (or other) has that property.
Bx:
Sx:
b:
x has a beard
x has a shaved head
Bob
Bob has a bea
PHIL 110
I.
TRANSLATIONS WITH QUANTIFIERS
Al is a man who enjoys life
Mx: x is a man
Lx: x enjoys life
a: Al
Ma & La
II. Either Charlie will be on time or Helen will be furious, and if Bob
complains then Fred will too.
Tx:
Fx:
Cx:
c:
h:
b:
f:
x will be on
PHIL110
*last updated 3/28/2013
LOGICIANS TOOLBOX
You may use these, AND ONLY these rules, EXACTLY as they are stated
INFERENCE RULES FOR ~, , &
1. CONJ
REPLACEMENT RULES FOR ~, , &
6. COM
FROM:
INTERCHANGE:
WITH:
2. SIMP
FROM:
DEDUCE:
p&q
p
p&q
q&p
INTER
Example # 1
1. P (S v D)
P
2. (S & H) (D& C)
P
DEDUCE: (P v S) (H D)
cfw_~ (H D) ~ (P V S)
3. ~ (H D)
A
cfw_ ~ (P V S)
4. ~ (~ H v D)
3. IMPL
5. ~ H & ~ D
4. DeM
6. ~ D
5. SIMP, COM
7. ~D v ~C
6. ADD
8. ~ (D & C)
7 DeM
9. ~ (S & H)
2, 8 MT
10. ~ S v ~H
9
PHIL 110
I.
TRANSLATIONS WITH QUANTIFIERS
Al is a man who enjoys life
Mx: x is a man
Lx: x enjoys life
a: Al
Ma & La
II. Either Charlie will be on time or Helen will be furious, and if Bob
complains then Fred will too.
Tx:
Fx:
Cx:
c:
h:
b:
f:
x will be on
PHIL 110
I.
TRANSLATIONS WITH QUANTIFIERS
Al is a man who enjoys life
Mx: x is a man
Lx: x enjoys life
a: Al
Ma & La
II. Either Charlie will be on time or Helen will be furious, and if Bob
complains then Fred will too.
Tx:
Fx:
Cx:
c:
h:
b:
f:
x will be on
PHIL110
2/28/2014
LOGICALDERIVATIONS:Examples
I.
1. B A
2. ~A&~C
3.
4.
5.
6.
~A
AB
B
~A&B
P
P
DEDUCE:~A&B
2SIMP
1COM
3,4DS
3,5CONJ
II.
1. D (E&F)
P
DEDUCE:DE
2.
DE
1SIMP*
YoumayNOTuseSIMPonanembeddedformula
2.
3.
(DE)&(DF)
DE
III.
1. C (B&A)
2. ~C&~D
3.
4
Phil 110
4/4/2014
Final Exam Review
Some tips:
A.) As with all derivation questions, spend some time considering the conclusion you are trying to
derive before beginning your derivation. Almost all of the questions weve been working on have
one of three t
110/111
Structure of the Atom
Isotopes and Ions
Lecture 5 January 16th, 2014
J.J. Thompsons Atomic Model
since atoms are electrically neutral, electrons are
distributed randomly in a diffuse positively charged
cloud.
plum pudding model: raisins disperse
110/111
The Periodic Table
Lecture 6 January 19th, 2014
The Periodic Table
vMendeleev (and Meyer) 1869
varranged all known elements in order of increasing
atomic mass
vrecognized a (periodic) repeating pattern of
elements having similar chemical propertie
110/111
Units and Dimensional Analysis
Basic Concepts of Matter
Lecture 3 January 12th, 2014
Converting Units
vEquivalence Statement
vrelates one unit to another
1.00 metres = 100.0 cm
vConversion Factors
1 inch = 2.54 cm
vthe equivalence statement writte
110/111
Introduction
Lecture 1 January 7th, 2014
Welcome to Your First Chemistry
Course
vPeggy
Paduraru course instructor
ve-mail
mppadura@sfu.ca
vOffice C9029
v SFU canvas - Chem 110/111 (for lecture)
2
CHEM 110 or CHEM 111?
vChem 111: preparation to con
110/111
Measurements and Calculations
Lecture 2 January 9th, 2015
Qualitative vs Quantitative Data
Classify each pieces of information as qualitative data or
quantitative data
v Nicholas weighs 15.25 kg
v the earth is round
v in this class there are 2 mal
Derviations with Quantifiers
I.
1.| (x)(Fx & Gx)
P
Deduce: (x)(Gx)
2.| Fu & Gu
3.| Gu
4.| (x)(Gx)
1 EI
2 COM SIMP
3 EG
II.
1.| (x)(Fx & Gx)
P
Deduce: (y)(Fy)
2.| Fu & Gu
3.| Fu
4.| (y)(Fy)
1, EI
2 SIMP
3 EG
III.
1.| (x)(Ax & Bx) & (y)(Cy & Dxy)
P
Deduce:
TruthTables
1.)
P
T
F
~p
4.) pq
~ P
P
T
T
F
F
F
T
2.) p q
P
T
T
F
F
Q
T
F
T
F
P
Q
T
T
T
F
3.) p&q
P
T
T
F
F
Q
T
F
T
F
P & Q
T
F
F
F
Q
T
F
T
F
P
Q
T
F
T
T
5.) p q
P
T
T
F
F
Q
T
F
T
F
P Q
T
F
F
T
PHIL110
*last updated 4/4/2014
LOGICIANS TOOLBOX
You may use these, AND ONLY these rules, EXACTLY as they are stated
INFERENCE RULES FOR ~, , &
1. CONJ
REPLACEMENT RULES FOR ~, , &
6. *COM
FROM:
INTERCHANGE:
WITH:
FROM:
DEDUCE:
p&q
p
FROM:
DEDUCE:
p
pq
FR
PHIL 110
3/5/14
Derivation Tips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Make sure you have translated the argument correctly. An incorrect
translation may well be an invalid argument. Derivations can prove that an
argument is valid, but they cannot prove invalidity. S
CHEMISTRY 110/111 FINAL EXAM
WHEN: Friday April 11th 15:30 18:30 pm
WHERE: B 9201
You will be assigned to a specific seat. Look for posted information on the overheads
on entering the exam room.
PLEASE BRING:
Only the allowed calculators AUREX SC6145, SC6
PHIL110
*last updated 2/19/2014
LOGICIANS TOOLBOX
You may use these, AND ONLY these rules, EXACTLY as they are stated
INFERENCE RULES FOR ~, , &
1. CONJ
FROM:
DEDUCE:
p
q
p&q
FROM:
DEDUCE:
REPLACEMENT RULES FOR ~, , &
6. COM
p&q
p
INTERCHANGE:
WITH:
INTER
110/111
Acids, Bases and Salts
Lecture 30 March 26th, 2014
Acids, Bases and Salts
vReactions of Acids (Section 14.7)
vAcid-Base Titrations (Section 14.14)
vReactions of Salts (Section 14.9)
vHydrolysis of Salts (Section 14.10)
2
Last Day:
v A strong acid
Midterm 2: in class, Monday, November 7th
Midterm 2 will test the material covered in class or in the lecture
notes with a focus on the concepts covered since the first
midterm, however you still need to understand earlier material.
You are responsible fo
Final Exam:
Saturday, December 10th
12:00pm - 3:00pm
The final exam will cover material from the entire semester with
somewhat more emphasis on the material that has not been tested in
the midterms.
We have covered material in all Chapters 1-16 of Stokers
Chem 110/111
Review Questions
1.
The density of a gaseous compound containing only carbon and hydrogen was found to be 1.21
g/L at 30C and 760 torr.
A 15.75 g sample of this compound was burned in oxygen and 46.15 g CO2(g) and 28.25 g of
H2O(g) were obtai
Chem 110/111
Review Questions
1.
What is the empirical formula of a compound that contains 30.0% Si by mass and 70.0% O by
mass?
2.
Write the balanced chemical equation for the combustion reaction of propanol (C3H8O).
3.
Balance the following equation and
Midterm 1: Wednesday, October 5th, 2016
10:30 am - 11:20 am
Midterm 1 will include all the material we have covered in class or
in the lecture notes up to and including material from the lecture
on Friday Sept 30th
You are responsible for the following ma