PHILxx1 Assignment #4
Samantha Dowdell
301192793
Pg. 147148
1.
a.
a.1.
All democracies are things where people have a real say about
what the government does
a.2.
The United States is not a thing where people have real say about
what the government does
Short Assignment Answers
Suppose you are offered the chance to play a game that involves rolling a fair die. The
game continues so long as you continue to roll odd prime numbers. The game ends on
the first roll that is not an odd prime number, or after yo
Multiple Multiple Choice Practice
1. Which of the following are true?
(a) No inductive generalization can contain a universal generalization.
(b) An inductive generalization draws a conclusion about something particular (an individual,
a particular event,
Philosophy XX1 Sample Midterm Exam
IMPORTANT: READ THIS FIRST
This midterm exam is provided to give students a sense of the kinds of questions that have appeared on
midterm exams in the recent past in Philosophy XX1. There is no guarantee that any midterm
Critical Thinking Final Review Worksheet
1a. Translate the argument into symbolic form using either predicate or sentential logic.
b. Add justification for each line.
c. Decide whether the argument is wellformed (valid or cogent) or illformed.
d. Decide
Philosophy 001
First Midterm(1077)
Writing time: 45 minutes
General instructions: There are five section to this midterm. Do not detach any sheets except the
cover one (not this one). Any answers that are illegible or ambiguous will receive a mark of zero
1) Background: President Petter wants to learn the percentage of first year SFU students
who have taken time off between high school and university so he hires Dr. Strangelove
who hires a bunch of graduate students who distribute questionnaires in our cla
What Does Science Do?
Science seeks to acquire knowledge, to
understand reality, by formulating, testing,
and evaluating theories.
Chapter 10
Judging Scientific Theories
Science and
Not Science
Whenever that kind of search for answers is
(a) systematic
Categorical Logic
The basic unit of concern in categorical
logic is the statement component.
Chapter 7
Deductive Reasoning:
Categorical Logic
Categorical Statements
In categorical reasoning the statements,
or claims, of interest are categorical
statemen
Philosophy xx1, Lecture Notes
Some Obstacles to Arguement Analysis
lack of a adequate vocabulary or background
the desire to be tolerant
confusing the arguement with its presentation
misconceptions about truth and rationality (rational thin
Conditional Probability
PHIL XX1, Summer 2013
Conditional Probability
Suppose you roll a fair die once. What is the probability that
you rolled a 6, given that you rolled an even number?
Here, we are asking about a conditional probability: we want
to know
1. For the following sentences, please indicate whether we are talking about
types or tokens
a) How many letters are there in the English alphabet? Type
b) An educated persons vocabulary is about 15,000 words Token
c) Your essays should be no more than 12
Name: Hanjing Guo
Student Number: 301279468
P.100 #2
An argument is deductively strong for a person must meet two conditions: it is
deductively valid and it is reasonable for a person to believe. Its possible for a valid
argument to have a false argument
Mills Method and the Uses of
Cause
PHIL XX1, Fall 2014
Causal Arguments
Many of the inductive arguments we have already seen are
in fact causal arguments. A causal argument is one which
states a causal relationship in its conclusion.
A causal argument can
Name: Hanjing Guo
Student Number: 301279468
1. a. Cant tell. An illformed argument can still be made cogent or valid by the addition
of a fairly obvious and simple premise so whether an argument is illformed or not does
not give a reason to believe or d
Name: Hanjing Guo
Student number: 301279468
TAs name: Navid Tarighati
Tutorial section: D150
Part A: Using the variable assignments immediately below, display the pattern of each
of the following four arguments, ignoring any minor variations in tense or m
Phil XX1 Tutorial Week 9 Notes
1. I have 4 urns 3 urns of type A, 1 of type B Urns of type A have 80% red marbles and 20% white
marbles. Urns of type B have 60% red marbles and 40% white marbles. You randomly select a red marble
from one of the urns. What
Decision and Game Theory
For the following questions, classify the decision as either a decision under risk, uncertainty
or certainty. Write out the appropriate decision matrix. Finally, state which decision rule is
applicable and, based on the recommenda
Introduction to Probability
Week 7
A jar holds 100 marbles. 30 marbles are red, 30 are blue and 40 are green. Of the 30 red marbles:
half are round and half are square. Of the 30 blue marbles, 20 are round and 10 are square. All of the
green marbles are s
Tutorial Week 3 Notes Phil XX9
Statistical Syllogisms
X % of As are Bs
S is an A
therefore, S is likely a B
Reference class: A
Attribute class: B
Strong statistical syllogisms
(look for these in comment upon questions)
1. high (closest to 100) %, most, al
Phil XX1 Tutorial Week 4 Notes
Analogical Arguments
X has properties A, B, C
Y has properties A, B, C
X also has property D
Y likely has property D as well.
Required for strong analogical argument:
1.

Properties X and Y share (i.e. A, B, C) are relevant
Analogical Arguments and Inductive Generalizations
Week 4
For each of the following inductive arguments, note whether the argument is strong or fallacious.
If the argument is strong, identify the particular kind of inductive argument it is and which featu
Causal Reasoning
Week 5
For the following examples drawn from the text, identify the condition or event for which a
cause is sought (i.e. the effect), identify all antecedent circumstances mentioned, state which
of Mills Methods is being used and lastly,
Arguments: Standard Form
Week 1
Place the following arguments in standard form and supply any missing premises/conclusion if
necessary:
1. It is safe to assume that Anna will not pass the course. On average, a students final grade is predicted by
the grad
Inductive Reasoning: Statistical Syllogisms
Week 3
Place the following arguments in standard form and circle the statistical generalization (note that
the statistical syllogism might occur as a subargument within an extended argument). Identify the
refer
An Overview of Basic Probability Theory: Part I
Propositions and Events
What sort of thing has a probability? We often talk about the probability of a particular
event occurring: what are the chances that it will snow tomorrow? But we can also
talk about
Introduction to Critical Thinking
PHIL XX1, Fall 2014
Course Logistics
Welcome to PHIL XX1
Dr. Dai Heide ([email protected])
Course Logistics
Welcome to PHIL XX1
Dr. Dai Heide ([email protected])
Office phone: (778) 7824806
No texting!
Course Logistics
Welcome t
Decision Theory
PHIL XX1, Fall 2014
Decisions
Suppose you estimate prior to graduation that you have a .50
chance of being accepted to law school if you apply, a .40
chance of being accepted to business school if you apply,
and a .25 chance of being accep