Objection 1: Inheritance
Possible Reply 2, phrased another way:
"Only the man who does not need it, is fit to inherit wealth-the man who would make his own fortune no matter where he
started. If an heir is equal to his money, it serves him; if not, it
Political culture as 'pattern of orientations' to political objects such as parties,
government, the constitution, expressed in beliefs, symbols and values
Political culture is different from public opinion in that it stems from long-t
Positive vs. Negative Liberty
Positive Liberty: -Contemporary
Negative Liberty: -Locke
-equality before the law
Many institutions with different jurisdictions
Govt must oversee social relationships to
-Roger Williams is one advocate (1603-1683)
-where do rights come from human nature, conscience (similar
-How to define what our tights are by what each person
believes (similar to Rousseau)
-preventing people from acting on th
Objection 2, continued: Earning
There are many important ways we are rewarded for our work
that are not financial. Arent such rewards more worthwhile than
mere financial gain especially in a system like Rawls?
3 schools of ethics:
- Consequentialism: utilitarianism (pleasure)
- Virtue Ethics: is this action part of an overall flourishing/good life?
- Deontology: Its your moral duty not to, its a universal moral law
John Locke: 1632-1704
British philosopher and
What does human plourishing require?
-You have to independently be interesting, happy with self
- passionate pursuits
Biology/ what we naturally enjoy?
But why does natural = right?
The noble lie,
The moral rules or principles we use to guide our conduct, develop
our character, and maintain our relationships
Consequentialism- focuses on consequences
Deontology- focuses on duties or principles
Virtue Ethics- focuse