Anthropology 1020E Final Exam Review
Biological Anthropology is the study of primate biology in the framework of evolution.
Subfields of Biological Anthropology
Primatology: study on non-human primates
Paleoanthropology: study of h
September 10, 2012
What is Anthropology?
Holistic study: looking at anthropology as a whole, a whole > sum of parts
Description & theory: describe facts about cultures & generalize a theory
Understanding variation & change: study a
ANTHROPOLOGY TERM REVIEW.
Readings covered: Kottak chapters 1-3 & 5-7; Lee chapters 1-6 & 8 & Appendix A
Film: Off the Verandah: Bronislaw Malinowski
From the Lee book, you should be familiar in general with the social correlates of foraging, as
well as w
Making the Strange Familiar
The strangeness of ethnographic research and of Ankarana
The strangeness of life in a mining town
The strangeness of others worldviews
What makes Ankarana a scared place? (MiM:3-8)
RECALL: The facts of life
What were taught as children and how its applied to our lives
The way in which a particular group of people think about gender, equality, etc
Emily Martin The Egg and the Sperm (1997)
History of how
What is the relationship between language and culture?
Separation of Language and Culture
Humans as bio-cultural entities
Language as a human product, innate, a part of our biological imprint
Is culture possible wi
How does Language Work?
Parts of Language
Grammatical structure (Grammar)
Language use (Pragmatics)
Language as a system of signs used in context
The Linguistic Sign
Arbitrary relationship between: Signifier and s
What is Linguistic Anthropology?
Orphans raised in the woods
Different groups have different languages
6000 7000 languages
180 200 countries
Approximately 500 first nation languages within North Amer
We are our Language
Chapters 1 2
Why should we care?
Most endangered languages undocumented/underdocumented
Loss of linguistic diversity
Loss of knowledge encoded in language
Speakers themselves would like to reverse these trends
What needs to be done?
Who Are Our Primate Relatives and What Can They Reveal About Our Humanity?
Primates As Mammals
o Egg layers (monotremes)
Long gestation period
Different types of teeth
Dr. T. Granadillo
Linguistic Anthropology Assignment:
Names and Honorifics
*See the syllabus for important information on Course Policies regarding how to
submit the assignment, format requirements, late penalties, and plagiarism.
Linguistic Anthropology Key terms
1. What is Linguistic Anthropology?
Linguistic Anthropology Ethnography
2. What is the relationship between Language and culture? Language and thought?
How is language used to accomplish social goals?
Its not just about other people, its about you. Think about why you use language.
How do we use language to accomplish social goals?
1. Language is a set of resour
How do we use language to unite and divide people?
1. True or False: With regard to communicative competence, a social goal can be
accomplished by someone shouting out loud, to themselves, in a deserted forest.
People and their Gods (Txt:Ch7)
Different responses to a drought in Bima (on Sumbawa Island) (Txt:121-3)
Bimanese Muslims declared a day of fasting and prayer and gathered to beseech
Allah to give them rain (Txt:120)
Why is writing secondary to language? What effects does it have?
Language is mainly oral (or signed) writing is a late and not always necessary tool
Orality and literacy have different characteristics
Literacy depends on par
How Does Language Effect Though?
In cases where human children have grown up without being exposed to language, they
were able to easily learn a language later on in life. (True/False)
Define language shift
Evolution and Anthropology
Nov. 11 2015
What is the Role of Evolutionary Theory in Anthropology?
How do people adapt to higher climates/colder climates, why people have different skin colours etc.
Pre-Darwinian (Western) Worldviews on Nature
What Can Evolutionary Theory Tell Us About Human Variation?
Modern Evolutionary Synthesis
o Natural Selection differential survival and reproduction in a given environment
o Particulate theory of inheritance
The Anthropological Perspective
Holistic Humans are complex
o All aspects of human life interact in complex ways
o They shape one another and become integrated over time
o Seeing connections rather than divisions
o To understand humanity,
Introduction to Anthropology
Why Does Archaeology Matter?
800-1000 words 12 pt Times new Roman, double spaced
Hard copy and online
Research both sides of argument weigh in and explain which one I think is best and why
Use of I enco
Was Everyone Equal?
How Do Archaeologists Reconstruct Socio-political Organization
Socio-Political Organization (Elman Service 1962)
o Mobile, egalitarian, flexib
Intro to Anthropology
What is anthropology?
The holistic study of people, past and present.
Why does archaeology matter?
It allows us to learn from the mistakes we made in the past in order to not repeat it.
Long Term pers
Intro to Anthropology
Ethical Issues in Archaeology
Access to human remains and sacred objects in colonial contexts
Kennewick Man (Know this)
o Found on side of Columbian river, believed to be a recent murder victim but carbon dating
put him a
Introduction to Anthropology
How do archaeologists map sites?
Survey vs. Excavation
Aims: Locating sites and investigating sites w/o large scale excavation
Provides a limited degree of info regarding a large area
How many sites?
ANTHROPOLOGY DECEMBER EXAM REVIEW.
Gender culture construction of ideas and proper ideas for men and women.
gender roles the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to each sex.
gender stereotypes oversimplified but strongly held ideas about the chara
A great difference between apes and hominins today is the adaptation of the bipedal
characteristic that is used in the present by modern humans. This is of bipedalism has helped the
human race develop and grow further and further away from thei
What is ANTHROPOLOGY (Revisited)?
= focus on human similarities and differences (unity and diversity): their documentation and
= perspective is holistic, comparative, generalizing and also on place of humans in broader
world of living things (