Chapter 1 The Nature of Anthropology
Anthropology study of humankind in all places and in all times.
Globalization forces us to deal with issues and face challenges that are no longer far away
The Development of Anthropology
Anthropology is recent; humans
Unit One - Goals and Objectives
1. Identify the goals of anthropology and the subdivisions within it.
Goals of anthropology:
1. The collecting and recording of new data about specific people (ethnography)
2. The expansion of our theoretical understanding
In anthropology, the term culture generally refers to the way of life of some group of people.
So we can speak of Arabic culture, meaning the way the Arabic people live-their religion,
marital and family life, values, the organization of their economy and
Unit Two - Goals and Objectives
1. Understand the connection between the research goals of cultural anthropology and the selection of
methods for gathering data.
Ethnography: the collection of descriptive material on a culture
Ethnographic fieldwork: most
Currently there is sociocultural data available on over 1200 different societies. Anthropologists have
used these data to demonstrate a wide range of sociocultural variability among human populations.
Anthropologists want to know why these differences exi
Unit Three - Goals and Objectives
1. Understand the history and goals of linguistic anthropology, and how it relates to the other fields of
Linguistic anthropologists study the way language is used as a resource for practising, developing
Animal Communication: people have drawn one boundary line after another to distinguish themselves
from other animals. Our supposedly unique attributes have ranged from the immortal soul to the
humbler, but nearly as indestructible, handaxe. The most recen