o How does knowledge affect other types of cognition (e.g. perception, attention, etc?)
o What are the benefits of being able to categorize objects?
o Approaches to Categorization
Describe the idea of the Classical (definitional)
PSYCHOLOGY 2135B PRACTICE MIDTERM #1
*note: this practice midterm is only half the length of the actual midterm. The real midterm will
be 75 questions. There will be 15 from Chapter 1, and 20 from each of chapter 2 through 4*
1. A researcher is interested
PSYCHOLOGY 2135B PRACTICE MIDTERM #2
*Note: this practice exam is 2/3 the length of the real exam. The real exam will be 75 questions*
1. The magic number, according to Miller, is
a. 7 and 11.
b. 5 plus 2.
c. 7 plus or minus 2.
d. lucky 13.
Psych 2070A Test 2 Notes
Chapter 7: Conformity
Conformity: When and Why
Conformity: a change in behavior as a result of the real or imagined influence of other
Pressure to conform may be shared with other species rats; tendency to conform to
What is inattentional blindness? Which video did we watch as an example?
What are the three broad types of tests that we use to study of change blindness? (flicker, )
o What is attention capture
What types of stimuli tend to
Define Cognitive Psychology.
What are some of the areas of research within cognitive psychology?
o Be able to identify the area of research from a brief description.
e.g. Researchers interested in _ might examine whether those
who lose their
Psych 2135 Chapter 2
Levels of Analysis:
Environmental level: past and current social environment
Makes up 2% of body weight but uses 20% of the function
Psych 2135 Chapter 3
Sensation: stimulation of sensory receptors
Perception: how we perceive the stimulation of our sensory receptors
Visual Agnosia: inability to identify objects visually but objects can be identified us
Basic Ideas of Mental Imagery:
Mental imagery is the ability to recreate the sensory world in absence of a physical stimulus
Although most people tend to focus on visual imagery, auditory, tactile, olfactory and gustatory
Psych 2135 Chapter 5
The Atkinson-Shiffrin Model of Memory:
Developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin
AKA Modal Model or Three-Component model
o Allows a complete sensation to linger in memory for about 2 seconds after it actually
Psych 2135 Chapter 4
Failure to consciously perceive items in plain view example: paying attention to basketball passes
and not recognizing an extra player
They fail to perceive them but their attention is focused els
Chapters 6 and 7
Serial Position Effect:
Basically says that items near the beginning and end of a long list are remembered better than the
Primacy Effect: we are better at remembering the items at the beginning this is LTM due to
Recollections about your life
Includes semantic and episodic memory but then it fades into semantic
Memories that seem very vivid and clear like theyre a snapshot in time
They tend to be very dist
Groups of objects belong to the same class of objects
Categorization is useful to us because it helps us organize the world, make inferences and act
Reduces our need for constant learning
Psych 2135 Chapter 1
Cognitive psychology: the scientific study of the mind at work
Cognitive psychologists are interested in both the mechanics and processes of the brain
o Mechanics: the specific structures in the mind and how they
o What is autobiographical memory? What types of LTM does it include?
o Flashbulb Memories
What are flashbulb memories?
What kinds of events are associated with flashbulb memories?
Are flashbulb memories special?
The Atkinson-Shiffrin Model of Memory
o Sketch out the model, labeling each box and arrow (e.g. the arrows might be things
like encoding or rehearsal)
o Sensory memory
What is persistence of vision? Give an example.
What is apparent motion? Ho
Psych 2135B Exam #1 Notes
Chapter 1: The Science of the Mind
The Scope of Cognitive Psychology
-how is knowledge acquired? How is knowledge retained so that it is available when needed? How is
knowledge used to make decisions and solve problems?
PSYCHOLOGY 2135B PRACTICE FINAL EXAM
*Note: this practice exam is 1/2 the length of the real exam. The real exam will be 75 questions.
Also, this exam is roughly proportional to the final exam (i.e. the final exam will have
approximately 20, 26, 16, and 1
PSYCHOLOGY 2135B PRACTICE MIDTERM #2 ANSWER KEY
PSYCHOLOGY 2135B PRACTICE FINAL ANSWER KEY
How are sensation and perception different from each other?
Describe the differences between Visual Agnosia and Prosopagnosia.
o What can and cant people with this recognize? Are there circumstances when they are
able to recognize these items?
o What are the 3 components of a syllogism?
What is the difference between validity and truth?
Can a conclusion be valid but untrue? Or true but invalid?
If so, under what conditions?
Whats the difference between a categ
o What is the idea of a moment of insight?
What is restructuring?
Describe the Metcalfe & Wiebe (1987) study.
Do the results support the notion of insight?
Obstacles to Insight
What is mental set?
o Describe the e
CHAPTERS 6 & 7
The Serial Position Effect
o Briefly describe the serial position effect, and label the parts of the serial position
Under what conditions do/dont we observe the primacy effect? What type of
memory is this due to?
Describe the evide
o How many? How many connections per neuron, on average?
o What are the 3 major types of neurons, and their major functions?
What are the 3 main components of interneurons, and their functions?
How does the structure of a sensory neurons differ
Basics of Language
o What are the basic properties of language? Briefly describe each of them.
o What is the difference between a morpheme and a phoneme?
Define morpheme and define phoneme.
Give examples of each.
o What is the difference betw
Basic ideas of mental imagery
o Define imagery
o Which person/group believed that all thought requires imagery?
o Which person/group believed that imagery is unproven or mythological?
Dual Coding Theory
o What is the basic idea of dual coding t
Mnemonics and memory codes
Techniques to improve memorizing things
Method of loci: requires learner to imagine a series of places that have some sort
of order to them
e.g. landmarks from dorm to gym
Ross: 38-40 students remember wo