Vassals of the shogunate during the
Kamakura and Muromachi periods were
called gokenin. Gokenin exchanged loyalty
to the shogunate for protection and the right
to attain higher positions in government.
Through this system the gokenin provided
Japan's First European Encounters
1543- first encounter with Europeans (Portuguese traders)
1545Portuguese start trade with the Japanese
Japanese want guns to protect themselves during Warring States Period.
Difficult to employ professional soldiers, be
Heian Japan (794-858)
From Nara, capital moved to Heian b/c of pollution
Better situated :
More centralised, near rivers, waterways (near lake)
Emperors DID have political power at the beginning
Flourishing of Trade:
Since the Mongols wanted to extract wealth from China, they had every incentive to
develop the economy.
They encouraged trade both within China and beyond its borders
The was much national & international trade under their rule
Ming (Radiancy) Dynasty (1368-1644)
Zhu Yuanzhang/Chu Yuan-chang (r. 1368-99)
Founder and 1st Emperor of Ming Dynasty
Temple name : Taizu
Emperor Taizu had lived through the disorder of the late Yuan and knew pove
Mongol Rule in Korea to impose
The Cho'e rulers began
There was discontent among Korean people, so they started joining Mongols against
Mongols severd relations with Kroyo in 1225 after their envoy was murderd by
Mongol Rule invade Ko
Tokugawa Period aka Edo Japan 1600-1868
Death of Hideyoshi (1598)
Leaves his 5 year old son as heir and arranges for 5 of his generals to act as guardians.
They killed him
They fought amongst themselves
Tokugawa Ie yasu ? ?(1542-1
From India and middle east, Chinese want cotton cloth, precious gems, incense and perfumes.
Silk Road also has maritime trade route to southeast Asia
foreign trade encouraged by the Song government.
At this time, maritime trade exceeded over
Reading- Women in
Women who belonged to the
aristocracy were allowed to take
part in politics.
Women could also become
samurai warriors but this was
not allowed if they were in the
aristocratic class. Althoug
Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
Jurchen tribe s: e thnic group from Manchuria
Unites the Manchus
Creates a social-political organization of Manchus, Mongols, and Chinese
1590: Nurhaci leads an embassy to Beijing and off