Module 9 Objectives
1. Normal Function of Kidney
Review the list of normal kidney functions - role in blood pressure regulation, electrolyte and water
balance, elimination of waste products, activation of vitamin D, production of hormones (e.g.
Module 7 Objectives
1. Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis
The response to injury hypothesis explains atherosclerotic plaque development as a chronic
inflammatory response resulting from injury to the endothelial lining of the artery.
chronic endothelial inju
Module 3B- Regeneration and Repair
Angiogenesis - the formation of new blood vessels.
Cicatrix - a scar; the fibrous tissue left after the healing of a wound.
Cicatrization - the formation of a scar (by conversion of granulation tissue to a sc
The Female Genital Tract consists of the vulva, vagina, uterus (cervix and body), fallopian tubes and ovaries. The
diseases chosen for discussion have been selected for various reasons: some are common, at least one is
preventable, and several
Module 3 A- Inflammation
Acute - of short duration or occurring suddenly.
Cardinal signs of inflammation:
Functio laesa - loss of function or impaired function
Chemical mediators - a variety of
Module 1- Introduction and Causes of Disease
Chromosomal abnormalities- a change in normal number of chromosomes. Normal is 22 pairs
with a pair of sex hormones (XX female, XY male)
Congenital- present at birth, may or may not be genetic
Module 2- Cell Injury, Adaptation, and Death
Adaptation - cells attempt to maintain an internal steady-state, when exposed to an adverse
stimulus undergo various adaptations (e.g. in pattern of growth (see below - atrophy,
hypertrophy, hyperplasia, metapl