Advocates of Peace Amidst War and Conflict in the mid 19th century
Primary Docs: Speeches from Richard Cobden and Vigor Hugo at 1849 Peace Conference.
Peace groups vs militarism. Militarism seemed natural. Peace thought began in the
Sports, Nobel, and Hague
Olympic rings most recognized
Universality of sports a recent phenomena
In many countries organized internationally before nationally.
Popularized sporting: horse racing, and animal games seen as pleb games until
Socialist, Feminists, Anarchists, and Dreamers [Scientists, Imperialists]
No all encompassing peace movement, but this week points to a diverse discourse
throughout the globe at the turn of the century.
Interstate security still the prime focus, and still
How do we arrive at peace?
A lot of compromise and give/take evident in the process.
Tense moment in 1919, a strong desire for security, and ensuring that a similar war did
Instead of previous moments where war was seen as neces
This week focuses on the "something extra" of the political and economic needs to ensure
A bit of an oddball because they don't always 'fit in.'
Danger of falling into a narrative of triumph
2 questions from the readings, which are u
1919, German delegation finally allowed out of hotel:
Surprised not to see consistent advocation of principles, such as national selfdetermination
Treaty was quite brittle at the end, because they had included necessary components for
World War 2
Impact of WWII in EU/NA
Levelling of cities, civilians targeted in the war
Bombing was for military or industrial targets which had a military application
3 million tonnes of bombs dropped by the Allies
Massive looting, highways, plants,
War Enthusiasts, Objectors, and Pacifists
Causes for war need re-examination: why did such a small spark casuse such a big
Colonial tensions between germany and Britain, -> howard says they're not as great as
Period is very easy to characterize by volatilty, and a breakdown of international cooperation.
Civil society and national policy are constant by comparison
Peace movement was or was not connected to policy makers; people talked about
Vienna & Ghent
- Parallels in NA/EU at the time. War of 1812, and Napoleonic wars
- The idea took root of an undefended border, and in NA there was an understanding of
international conflicts did not manifest themselves into wars. E
Cold War Reading Part 2
Trudeau launched his own peace campaign in 1982-1984
Met with world leaders, some taking him seriously some not
Need to build confidence building measures
Election of reagan in 1980s to president. Early rhetoric heightened legi