Topic A: Atoms, Molecules and Moles
Atoms: building blocks of matter, three types of particles: protons (+), neutrons (neutral) and
electrons (-). Protons and neutrons are in the nucleus and electrons are the space
In the printed versions of these quizzes. for question number 3 on each q uiz. "Assume there a re no double
bonds” was added. Further. if the species is an ionr the charge is assumed to reside on the central atom.
Chemistry 1301A Name _ 3) The central ato
the correct answer, it is recommended that that out of fairness to all students, nd the relevant
shown in the space below Question 1. Note you go through your workbook andChem 1100a does not
concepts that are involved.
"curve" or "bell" marks. SuchIfayou
Chem 1100a 2012 Test #2 overall stats:
Mean = 68.7%
SD = 18.6%
Median = 69.2%
Min = 3.8%
Max = 100% (54 students)
Stats on individual questions:
Diff Rate is the fraction of the class who chose an incorrect answer.
Num Right and Num Wrong are the number o
Relationship between reactants and products by balancing chemical
Total # of atoms on right side = total # of atoms on left side
Matter cant be created or destroyed, so the atoms on left must equal
The Wave Nature of Light
Light travels as a wave
Wavelength () is distance between two peaks
Frequency (v) is the # of times a peak passes a given point in a given
amount of time
Speed of light is a constant (c)
c = v
Waves can diffract and interfere with one another
Two-slit experiment Electrons act as a particle when standing still,
however, when moving, electrons act like a wave
Standing waves Oscillating, fixed in one place, (as o
Orbital not a container, but rather a probability function
The highest probability of finding the electron wave is at the nucleus
For p orbitals, each p orbital situated on x, y, and z axis all have the
same energy (they
Electronegativities of elements determine the types of bonds they form
Elements of low electronegativity tend to form ionic bonds
Elements of medium electronegativity tend to form covalent bonds
Transition metals when d orbital is occupied by at least one electron,
then the energy falls below that of the s orbital
When transition metals become cations, the s electrons are lost first
Isoelectronic Species: Neutral atoms, anion
What 2 basic assumptions did the Behaviorists make with respect to learning?
o What is the difference between habituation and sensory adaptation? Examples?
o What is the difference between habituation and sensitization? Examples?
Give a very brief description 3 basic processes of memory?
Three-Component Model of Memory
o Sensory Memory
Name the two sensory registers (or stores) in sensory memory?
Which one relates to visual, and which to auditory information?
How long do
Name and briefly describe the 4 Characteristics of Consciousness?
o What are the three broad types of methods of measuring consciousness? Examples?
Which method is the most common?
What are the pros and cons of each broad
What is the difference between Sensation and Perception? Examples of each?
o What is the term for the translation process that links the two?
o How many senses do humans have? (i.e. 5 senses? Less? More?)
o What is the Absolute Thr
Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Sensation the stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs respond to and translate
environmental stimuli into nerve impulses that are sent to the brain
Perception active process of organizing the stimulus input
Explanations for Depression from Different Perspectives
Classify each of the following explanations of depression as representative of (a) behaviorism,
(b) psychoanalysis, (c) humanistic psychology, or (d) cognitive psychology.
1. Depression is the result
Activity / Commonsense Psychology Quiz
1. The titles psychologist and psychiatrist refer to the same profession.
2. Most people will not follow instructions from an authority figure to physically hurt
3. Most psychologists beli
How many research credits do you need to obtain by the end of the year?
In the classic study described early in your text the Robbers Cave Study
psychologists investigated the social dynamics associated
o What is the difference between a gene and DNA?
o How many chromosomes are in human cells? Same for all cells?
o Whats the difference between Dominant and Recessive alleles?
How many of each does one need for the trait to be
Read text tips:
Think about background info while you read
Survey titles, headings, etc. before reading
Outline the chapter
Decide how much you will read
As you start look at the heading and decide what it is about
Look at the
Chapter 1 Practice Exam Questions:
1. Dr. Adams is a psychologist who works in the area of animal behaviour. She has a particular
interest in crows, and her research is mostly aimed at gaining more information about the
behaviours of these birds, such as
Psychology as a science:
o What is the definition of Psychology?
What defines scientific research?
What are the 5 questions associated with Critical Thinking/evaluating claims?
Psychology as a field:
o Briefly describe (1-2 sentences) the follow
CHAPTER 2 & APPENDIX
o What is Empirical Evidence, and why should it be Systematic?
o What are the 5 Steps of the Scientific Process
What is the difference between a hypothesis and a theory?
What are the 3 characteristics of a good theor
Psychology Chapter 2
Scientific Method: Psychologists are interested in explaining the causes of behaviour.
To examine causal relations, they use the scientific method. This means they form
hypotheses, manipulate independent variables, and measure depende
Trends in the periodic table allow one to predict atomic size, ionization
energy, electron affinity, and electronegativity
Effective nuclear charge (Z*) Positive charge from nucleus
experienced by electrons is not the