Truth and Juridicial Forms
Greek law produced rational forms of proof and demonstration
Greek law created art of persuasion
New type of knowledge, knowledge thru witnessing, recollection and inquiry
No public legal action, no on
Justifying the State
The State and political Obligation
The Social Contract
In Lockes state of nature, the executive power of the law of nature is possessed by:
Liberty, Part One
The Liberty Principle
What on Liberty is About
The nature and limits of power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the
individual -John Stuart Mill 1805-1873
The need to restrict both state and society (public opinion) i
The State of Nature: Hobbes
State of Nature
Why do we need a state?
What would life be like without state?
Imagine life without the state and political power
Anarchism is a potential result
What was life like before the state and p
What is Liberalism?
All liberals aim to promote individual liberty
Liberals value liberty
But liberals disagree about the nature of liberty
Brian Barry on Liberal States
Freedom of the press
Abolition of servile soc
Core Socialist Themes
o Social creatures engaging in collective effort for the common good
o Against competition
o The motivation of socialism
o Produce basic goods for benefit of humanity rather for greed or selfishnes
Distribution of Property
A. Oversupply goods with positive externalities
B. Undersupply goods with negative externalities
C. Both A and B
D. Neither A nor B
John Rawls 1921-2002: Key Ideas
Choosing principles of justice for institutions
Security: International Sphere Lecture 22
Identify and explore the major approaches to international security
Compare old and new security
Based on the identification of the most importance new security challenges
Approach to Inter
CONSTITUTIONS, LAW, AND THE JUDICIARY
Make sense of the different systems of Law
Identify the essence of a constitution
Explore the origins and purposes of constitutions
Establish how constitutions may differ.
A Law-Governed State
The Rule of Law: "Govern
GLOBALIZATION AND POLITICS
Which of the following best captures the Marist Approach to political Economy? "The
proletariat will ultimately smash the state that supports their exploitation"
What is Globalization?
A complex process of integrat
Defining and Debating the State
Define the State
Make sense of the Dualism of the State
Chart Changes in the State Since its Emergence in History
Determine Why the State Acts and What We Should Let States Do for Us
States haven't alw
Explore multilevel Politics within states: Confederal, Federal, Unitary
Look more closely at federalismits causes and varieties
Examine multilevel politics above states
The State, From Above and Below
NATIONS AND NATIONALISM
A Brief History of Nationalism
With reference to three pivotal episodes:
The French Revolution
World War I
World War II
Effects of the French Revolution
Effects of the French Revolution
DEMOCRACY IN THEORY
Canada is a federation because: The provinces have constitutional standing, because in a
federation, power isn't shared, power and sovereignty is shared, if it is only power that is granted,
power can we taken away and given on a whim,
POLITICAL REGIMES IN THE PRESENT
Recent Challenges to Three Worlds
Development in third world
NICs (Newly Industrializing Countries)
BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, China)
Rise of China - is West still best?
Third wave of democr
Justifying the State
Wolff says that political obligation is:
a. special problem for democracies
b. Not really a problem at all
c. A states obligation to make treaties with other states
d. The obligation to obey the law because it is the law
Democracy: Part One
What Democracy is
The power to issue and enforce binding commands
How should this power be distributed?
Who Should Rule?
What sort of government is best?
Rule by whom?
o Everyone (democratic answer): each
Function of Adjudication
Adjudication- Interpreting law in cases of dispute, settling disputes by
applying the law or making a judgment based on the law.
Peter Russell definition- Providing authoritative settlements in disputes
Civil Liberties- Rights and freedoms that individuals enjoy beyond the reach of
government or state
Defining/Protecting Rights and Freedoms
Classified into 4 categories
o Political- freedom of speech, press etc.
o Legal Rights- procedural rig
St. Augustine- Fallen Nature and Two Cities
Fallen Nature and the Two Cities
Derived all men from one individual
Human life is condemned
Adams love of vain and hurtful things leads to wars, theft, murder etc
Crimes never absent themselves from actuali
IR Environment and Health
Interdependence and the Environment
Tragedy of the Commons- Collective goods dilemma, common assets are
degraded thru failure to cooperate. One solution is splitting them up.
Enclosure of the Commons- Splitting of private good
IR Chapter 2
Realism- Explains international relations mainly in terms of power
Idealism- Emphasizes international law, morality and international
organization, rather than power
Mo Ti- Idealist
Idealists particularly active between WWI and II
Local criticism proceeded by means of return of knowledge
Out of these thematics came the insurrection of subjugated knowledges
o Historical contents that have been buried systematically
o Blocs of historical
What is Consumerism?
Preoccupation with the acquisition of goods to satisfy needs through material
Consumption patterns are unsustainable
Since 1950 we have used more natural resources than in all of prior history
Cycle of Consumeris
1. Difference between contingent rights approach and the inherent rights
approach to aboriginal rights?
Contingent rights, given to aboriginal people by a superior sovereign
Canadian state. Canada decides what rights theyll have, and ex
Canadian Politics 3-1-16
Women in indigenous communities were influential for early suffragettes
Indigenous system of government influenced the thinking of colonial settlers,
they wanted the same types of governance, referenced by John Adams and
Canadian Politics 1/5
Canadian political system is based in ideology, opinions are formed by values
shaped by ideologies
Liberalism is dominant Canadian ideology
Stream of English 17th century England
Classic, Reform, Neo
All embrace set of core values, v
John Nash vs Adam Smith
Individual ambition serves the good
Each of us looks out for our self, things will be better for everybody
The best result comes from everyone doing whats best for himselfand the group
Better to think in a cooperat
Econ 1021: Chapter 3
1. Relative prices
2. Demand and demand curve
3. Supply and the supply curve
5. Changes in supply, demand, and equilibrium
Markets and Prices
A market is any arrangement that enables buyers and sell
What Do Elections Do?
Produce politicians - the right stuff?
Make governments - directly or indirectly?
Representation - or electoral punishment?
Influence policy - promises, promises
Practice Question: According to Max Weber, the state claims a monopoly of coercion.
What is Political Economy?
Politics and Economics are Interrelated:
Economy influences political outcomes"money talks."
Politics influences economic outc
March Midterm Review
The state is sovereign, exercising absolute and unrestricted power, standing above all
other associations and groups in society
State institutions are recognizably public, responsible for making and enforcing collective
Lecture 1 & 2
Hegelian idealism and the state: universal altruism
HA - Hegel's sense that historical development moves us to the fulfillment of the
History came to a rest when the state was formed
Because the family involved intim