BISMARCK NOTE TAKING
Bismarck may not only epitomize the pragmatic politician, but his many policies
are vivid examples of the conflicts between the emerging ideologies of the 19 th
century. When reading the Chapter on Bismarcks Germany, your note taking
1921: becomes one of the CCPs founders
1924: First United Front between the CCP and KMT
1927: Shanghai Massacre (Elimination of the Communists)
1946 - 1949: Chinese Civil War
1949: CCP victory and the establishment of the Peoples Republic of Chin
Causes of World War I
To what extent was Germany primarily responsible for the conditions that led to the outbreak and
extent of World War I.
Length: 1000-1500 words
Style: A persuasive essay in which you establish a thesis then defend your posit
The outbreak of war in 1914 postponed the downfall of Nicholas II but also contributed to his
overthrow in the first 1917 Russian Revolution. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
Did WWI accelerate the rev.?
Tsar survived other revolts. How wa
The Russian Revolution is composed of a series of revolutions that took place in Russia in 1917. The
February Revolution ended the centuries old Romanov dynasty and toppled the ancient autocratic
system which Russia had been under. Out from this radical c
Under European Im
94% Agricultural b
Inefficient ruling g
KMT vs. C
With almost the total annihilation of the Russian Balkan fleet in the Russo-Japanese war which lasted
from 1904-1905. Under the reign of Nicholas II, Russia experienced one of its most humiliating defeats
in Russian history. And arguably the spark that se
Why was the Ottoman Empire perceived as weak in the nineteenth century?
After four centuries of continuous rule of a sprawling trans-continental empire, the dissolution of the
Ottoman Empire arrived in the aftermath of the First World War at less than hal
Not much movement for civil rights, unrest, etc.
Closer to France more liberal
o Had to have monarchy but limited power
Wanted to preserve conservative values
wanted to preserve power and military strength
The Battle of the Marne(s)
First Battle of the Marne - September 6-12, 1914
Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke - German
approx. 1,485,000 men (August)
General Joseph Joffre - French
Field Marshal Sir John French - British
The details, specifics, evidence
List 5 pieces of information on each of the following
1. Economic, Political or Social Conditions prior to Bolshevik victory.
Economic: 400% inflation
Factories shut down
Political: Non-elected provisional government i
The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire
Why was the Ottoman Empire regarded as an empire in decline in the nineteenth century?
Abdul Hamid was paranoid
o Held up shipment of dynamo declared to make several hundred revolutions per
o Chemistry bo
Causes of WWI
Agreement between two countries who promise to work together.
Defensive agreement where one country is attacked by another, alliance country defends victim.
Alliances in WWI
Germany + Austria-Hungary + Bulgaria + Ottoman
Number of ethnic groups
1. Turks- 87.5%
Origins of modern Turkish unclear
o Little to none of written recor
War and Peace: International Relations 1878-1941
The Peace Settlements 1919-23
Why did the economic, political, and social conditions of the time make it so much more difficult to
negotiate a just and balanced peace settlement?
Social: Pandemic caused dea
Thoughts on writing the essay
Establish an understanding
o All too often you make assumptions. DONT. You get graded on making Good Points (GP).
o Overwhelm your reader with information and evidence (GP)
Each sentence MUST be linked t
Rise to power
- October revolution: Political unrest weakness of provisional government
Ongoing war worsened domestic problems
Unresolved proletariat issue
- Poor living conditions: Overcrowded
- Poor working conditio
1. Re-read Kissinger, Chapter Four, The Concert of Europe
a. What role did the Germanic states play in the European
balance of power?
Germanic states created to replace former Holy
b. Who were the dominant Germanic states and why?