PSYCH 2800 Lecture 4 October 1st 2015
Ethics in Research
A. What is ethics?
o A branch of philosophy concerned with moral issues of right and
o To behave ethically is to do what is morally right
B. Why do scientists need an ethical code of conduct?
Psych 2800 Lecture 2 Sep 17, 2015 Ways of knowing
Part 1: How do we know?
Charles Peirce (1877): The Fixation of Belief
o A. Authority: We accept knowledge from people with authority
(like doctors, teachers, and so on)
Authorities can also be wrong (par
PSYCH 2800 Lecture 3 Sep 24, 2015
Part 1: The Goals of Science
A. Classification of Goals:
o Ultimate Goals: Understanding & Explaining
o Intermediate Goals: Prediction & Control
o Basic (immediate) Goals (need to achieve these goals before we
Kirsch, M. S., Spirl, E., & Rowan, J. (2004). Web-Based Assistive Technology
Interventions for Cognitive Impairments After Traumatic Brain Injury: A
Selective Review and Two Case Studies. Rehabilitation Psychology, 49, 200-212.
Improving Memory in Parkinsons disease: A Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training Program - Naismith
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a multifactorial healthy brain ageing cognitive
training program for Parkinsons disease. Usin
Lecture 1 - Ways of Knowing
How Do We Know?
How do I know what I know?
Charles Pierce 1877: Fixation of Believe - described several ways of knowing.
Starts as children w parents
Lecture 4 : Measurement I Definitions and Levels
Focus on general issues in research by underlying on measurement.
Concepts - describe things in words. Words are just constructions to describe things.
But for an objectively empirical science -
CITING, AND QUOTING
Introduction to APA
Sections of an APA paper
Introduction to APA
Lab 4 (Oct. 5-9)
In class work on project
Mandatory information session
7 timeslots (do not sign up for the one
that overlaps with our lab on
Take up and discuss How to read a
ETHICAL ISSUES IN
Sign understanding of plagiarism document
Ethical guidelines in research
Introduction and references
In-class work on Group Project
Group Project overview
Working in groups
Timeline and assignment submission reminders
List of measures
Other relevant information
Group Project ov
White Chapter 7
Types of control
What are the threats to validity?
What means are available to neutralize those threats?
Control: any means used to rule out threats to validity of research
o Want to eliminate every plausible alternative explana
CHAPTER 7 CONTROL
The Concept of Control: used in 2 ways: standard of comparison and a way to reduce variability
- the heart of the experimental approach to knowledge is to ask questions such as
1. what are the threats to the validity of a contemplated pi
TRUE EXPERIMENT- BETWEEN GROUPS DESIGN
Definition of a true experiment
Characteristics of a true experiment
Between groups designs
Sources of variability
Error vs. treatment variability two groups
Definition of an experiment
An experiment is a procedure f
Three ways of achieving control:
1. Statistical control
2. Experimental control
Threats to Validity:
Earlier, we discussed threats to the validity of a conclusion, including threats to:
Chapter 8: Non-experimental Research, Part 1: Observational Archival and Case Study Research
- The distinction between experimental research and nonexperimental research is based on
the degree of control that the researchers has over the subjects and the