An independent, self-governing political community whose
governing institutions have the capability to make rules that are
binding on the population residing within a particular territory.
The set of institutions
POL224 Midterm Notes Lectures+ Readings
Week 2-What is a State? Can a State fail?
Chapter 2 Mintz
State- an independent, self-governing political community whose governing
institutions have the capacity to make rules that are binding on the
Lecture # 10: The Canadian Charter of Rights
Q: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
BNA act set rights but only for federalism
1960: bill o' rights (applied only to the federal level)
Judges were accustom to non-interference in the common law tr
Week #1 SMITH: A DOUBLE FEDERATION
-federalism started by favoring the center, was a parliamentary monarchy instead of a
republic, but in recent years this has shifted to the opposite
-Canadian federalism, is after all about differences, i
Lecture 04 September 30th, 2014
Three driving forces in politics.
Rule by the people Which people and how many of them?
Lawful rule for the
Study Guide POL 224 Final Exam
Why are authoritarian states more likely to be unitary, rather than federal in their
Are political parties more powerful in the presidential or parliamentary system?
Compare First-past-the-post and pro
Lecture 02 September 16th, 2014
Politics an activity related to influencing making or implementing collective
decisions for a political community (Mintz)
Politics is what we ought to do
Power Power, in and of itself, can be used wisely, towards appropriat
Lecture 03 September 23rd, 2014
Acceptance by the members of a political community that those in positions of
authority have the right to govern.
Is a gang the equivalent of a state?
No: 1) a gang rules a neighborhood not a political community.
POL224: Electoral Systems
Disproportionality in voting systems (Difference between the share of
votes and the seat count)
happens in PR and FPTP
o Could results in people voting for a party so that they could
become an official party wi
POL224:Origins and evolutions of Democracy
The reading is about the development of democracy in England and
What would happen without the state?
Shall be done with game theory
o Used in many areas
o Used to study: explain decision that are i
POL224 Party Systems
History of Parties
Sometime has been based on class, ethnics,
Political Parties and Ideology
None registered in Canada pre 1970
Based on ideological divide
Thoeries on the Formation of Party Systems
POL224 Political Behavior and Voting
Talking on the median voter theorem for first 18 mins
Different ways to predict elections
o Using information from census about specific ridings and then
using assumptions about voting characteristics y
POL224: Federalism Vs. Unitary Systems
This si the set of rules around things and the inner workings of them
o Federal v unitary
They are organized in a non hierarchy sense. The prov
and the federal are equa
POL224 Research methods
Lots of people are not registered to vote, so it is ahrd to get all
people on the voters list
So they sometimes use the number of eligible voters from the
This has been seen historically a lot t
POL224 Voting Participation
Role of Campaigning in Elections
How do we determine the effect of different political things?
Ex. Debates, ads ect.
Fundamental problem of causal influence: how do I know I am
measuring is what I am indeed measuri
POL224 Parliamentary V. Presidential Systems
Mandate letters are a thing with objectives based on platform
o Public in Canada not prov.
Cab Committees where a thing in 2003 to increase the role of
o Started in AB to help wit
POL224: Legislative Process
The role of the USA senate is it represents the states equally.
IN Canada this is the regions
They are supposed to be more experienced because they are older
and have property
o This is sim to BR
POL242:Executive, Legislative, Policy Making
Steps to form government
The cabinet was independent and able to work by themselves
o As the government became much larger they made the
Ex) treasury Board
Then it got more centraliz
Tuesday, October 28, 2014
review of fundamental principles of liberal democracy:
- limits on the powers of the gov and state
- gov should abide by rule of law
- rights of people should be protected from arbitrary actions of gov
- formal equality of all ci
Lecture 06 October 14th, 2014
Values, beliefs and orientations that are widely held within a political community.
How do we measure or assess?
-Surveys, popular culture, satire, symbols,(the flag; whether to have the union
jack as part o
POL224y1 Lecture # 4 State economy and Civil Society
What's outside the sovereign state?
modernization western societies over the course of the 16th-19th centuries in (west Europe)
modernization: typical pattern of institution relations involed di
Lecture # 5 : Political Culture
what is political culture?
what do people in civil society believe and say about politics? (Marxism out of frame of
Canadians political culture, so what are the bounds of Canadian political life)
Political culture a
Lecture # 6 Canadian Political Culture
What is specific about Canada political culture (its ideological makeup)
Brooks: Maybe we aren't so different though not the same.
Quantitative/survey vS Qualitative historical:
Lecture # 7: Constitutions
Define their dynamics: power distribution
constitution as supra to all other law (other law byproduct of rules laid out in the constitution).
Can be committed to a document governed by s
Pol224y1 Lecture # 9: The Courts and Civil Liberties
liberal yet balance democracy and the will of majority with the rights of minorities.
Right to advocate individual life choices/
dosen't entrenching rights placing them above
Lecture #11: Executive and Bureaucracy in Canada
congress has power to declare war yet president gets around that by not formally declaring
Great issue imperial control than other places
executives: Pm and their Cabinet (depa
Pol 224y1 Week 13: legislatures
formal bodies within developed countries
Strong role (law making)
Weak roles: (represent voters, discuss the merits of policy, monitoring actions of
It has been argued that Canada Legislature
POL224Y1 Week 14: Federalism
Q: Comparative Perspectives on Federalism
State institutions which divide Sovereignty (overriding Capacity to legislate, and adjudicate
within a geopolitical area) between at least 2 levels of governmen
Week 16: Electoral Systems and Democratic reform
Q: why do electoral systems matter?
electoral system and elections serve as expression of the will of the people
different systems lead to vastly different expressions of popular wills (electoral system